Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelsimer, v.r.s.closed; confined; locked in (e.g., as punishment).
chelsimer a telengetongel, diak le belkais, diak le nglai a chesmerel; blutek, mla mechesimer; chosmerii er a kelebus, chesmerel.
See also:
deliim, v.r.s.sprayed or splashed (in one spot).
deliim a mla mediim; mla dikmesii er a daob; duiim a dellomel er a ralm, meliim, melekimes, dimel.
See also:
delkois, v.r.s.placed on slant.
delkois a mla medkois; turekorek, dkois, melkois, torib a delkois a omerolel.
See also:
klang, v.r.s.eaten.
klang a mla mekang; odoim a klang, kmang, kolii el rokir.
See also:
llechet, v.r.s.tied; wrapped; kept occupied or busy.
llechet a selaur; mla melechet; llechotel, rrengodel, lochetii, lmechet, lechetel.
See also:
selcheseb, v.r.s.ladled out.
See also:
seluch, v.r.s.jerked; pulled strongly at.
seluch a mla mesuch; meleng; $100.00 a seluch er a bank; bled.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

kdoel, v.a.s.is to be put or placed down.
kdoel a kirel el meked; kmedii a til, kmed a kall, menged er a tebel, kedeel a kall, lochang er a ulaol.
See also:
kedelsall, v.a.s.is to be made thicker.
kedelsall a kirel el mo kedols; kilungii, mengedols er ngii; mo klou, kodelsii, kedelsel.
See also:
kekeringall, v.a.s.is to be made smaller or reduced in size.
kekeringall a kirel el mo kekerei; mengkekerei; kokeringii a blengur, kmekerei a mo delikik el kall, diak le klou, diak luleiis; kekeringil.
See also:
otechekill, v.a.s.is to be deflected or detained.
otechekill a kirel el motechakl; metecheklii e kudmeklii a terruaol, omtechakl er a diak a blil, otecheklel.
See also:
rdall, v.a.s.(flowers, etc.) are to be picked.
See also:
tebakel, v.a.s.is to be patched; (fine) is to be paid.
tebakel a kirel el metabek; tuabek a selodel el bail; tobekii, tebekel.
See also:
tiuall, v.a.s.is to be rubbed or smoothed over or petted.
tiuall a kirel el metaiu; melaiu er ngii; toiuii a chimal; tmaiu a bedengel; tiuel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
smuuchscorpion fish (hardly moves in water).smuuch(person) calm, placid, or unperturbed by problems or challenging circumstances.
siktcluster/bunch of fruit.berikt(tree) productive or bearing much fruit.
lottapeworm.lottapeworm.
dechuswart; mole.dechusplant in nettle family.
ngelloklnodding; dozing (off).olengelloklslow-moving; sluggish.
chullrain; rainy season.chullrainy.
temamuuimaginary ghost with ugly face.temamuubald-headed.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
metitngall a rengullonesome; sad (at broken friendship).
mechese a rengulbecoming surprised.
llemesel a rengulhis/her/its intelligence.
kedidai a rengulstubborn; scornful; condescending.
rengul a cheluch dregs of coconut oil.
dechal a rengul perseverance; ambition; strong will.
ulserechakl a rengulcalm; unexcitable.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.196.2.131','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')