Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelsechosm, v.r.s.dented all over (from tapping).
chelsechosm a ulduum e betok a blet er ngii; terretirem; ulduum, chelsechosm el olekang.
See also:
deluingel, v.r.s.(teeth) blackened.
See also:
telit, v.r.s.pierced (open).
telit a blsibs; mla metit; titir a ilumel; tmit a mengur; melit, titil a ilumel.
See also:
ulebangel, v.r.s.interrupted; half; (something which) did not survive.
See also:
ulekbuch, v.r.s.married (by arranged marriage); mated.
ulekbuch a mla rullii el bo bechiil; mla mukbuch; babii a ulekbuch; omekbuch er a babii; ukbechil a babii.
See also:
ultour, v.r.s.carried on the back; held behind the back.
ultour a ngar a ulk; mla motour; mla oturii a ngelekel; cheleoch el ngalek a ultour, oltour er a til; oturel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

besiochel, v.a.s.is to be adorned/decorated.
besiochel a kired el omesiich er ngii; omesiich, mesichii er a bung, mesiich, besichel.
See also:
blsall, v.a.s.is to be punished for having violated a restriction.
See also:
chesechaol, v.a.s.are to be threaded/strung; always wandering from house to house.
chesechaol a chad el soal el mengesuch; merael a blai, di omais el diak el ultebechel.
See also:
isall, v.a.s.is to be rowed, paddled or stirred.
isall a kirel el meius; isar a mlai, imus a ilumel, isal.
See also:
lechidel, v.a.s.(string; cord; wire; etc.) is to be broken.
lechidel a lechedall.
See also:
orengesall, v.a.s.is to be heard or listened to.
orengesall a kirel el morenges a tekingel; merreder a beluu a orengesall; remenges a llach, el. orengesel a llach.
See also:
semesemall, v.a.s.is to be tied shut.
semesemall a semesamel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
chadman; person; human being; living being; someone; somebody; anyone; anybody.chadalive; living.
oreomelforest; woods.chereomel forested; covered with vegetation.
mengchongchthick betel nut fiber used for wrapping food, making rain hat, etc.chellibelmengchongchwhite; (woman) beautiful/white-skinned.
klukuktomorrow; the next or following day.klukuk be tomorrow; be the next or following day.
chedeadjellyfish; nettle.chedeadjellyfish; nettle.
lebfuzz (on leaf) of plant (e.g.; sugar cane; grass); plant in coffee family; shyness.meleblebitchy; prickly; covered with fuzz of plant.
chemaiongdragonfly.chemaiongdragonfly.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
olsarech er a rengulhold in or control emotions, anger etc.
omai er a rengulhesitate; be unsure about.
ochemchuml a rengulseething inside with anger or hate.
medecherecher a rengul stubborn; adamant; not easily swayed.
bechelechelingaol a rengulselfish; greedy; stingy; self-centered.
medemedemek a rengul kind; generous.
rengulhis/her/its heart; spirit; feeling; soul; seat of emotions.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.196.18.46','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')