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Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blodech, v.r.s.picked up with fingers.
blodech a mla obodech; nglai er a cheldengelel a chim, medechii, modech, bedechel.
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blouch, v.r.s.split; cracked.
blouch a diak le cherrungel, mla obouch; bleuechel, omouch, blouch a bambuu, buchel.
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chelloil, v.r.s.completed; pursued to end.
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dellemakl, v.r.s.(post, stick, etc.) driven into ground.
dellemakl a mla medelemakl; dechor el ultuu er a chutem; dolemeklii, dolemakl a smengt; delemeklel.
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selius, v.r.s.(fathers side relative) having been sworn at or spoken obscenely towards.
selius a mla mesius; mechas a selius er a dengerenger; diak longull a melius; siuesii. sellesilek; llel a kerrekar a sellesilek; eolt a mla smodel a llel a kerrekar.
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telord, v.r.s.irritated; annoyed; frustrated.
telord a mekngit a rengul; telemall a rengul; mla metord e merael; tordii a bechil, terdel.
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uldak, v.r.s.added together; unified; joined.
uldak a diak le kakerous; udoud a dmak; uldak er a chimo el chidib, odak, odekial.
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Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chetekill, v.a.s.is to be held or led by the hand; is to be carried, towed or persuaded; easily persuaded; (woman) easily seduced.
chetekill a beot el mechetakl; di ngera e ng mechetakl; diak a uldesuel; di remurt a ngor; choteklii, cheteklel.
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ketmekill, v.a.s.is to be straightened up, arranged, cleaned or prepared.
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oimimall, v.a.s.is to be lowered; (boat) is to be moved out to deep water; (food) is to be brought to meteet.
oimimall a kirel el moimoim; oimimii a bilas el mo er a dmolech; oimoim, olimoim, oimimel; mo er a eou. oimimel; oimimel a oimoim er ngii; olimoim.
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orikall, v.a.s.is to be chased out, expelled or gotten rid of.
orikall a kirel el moriik, oriik a bilis, orikii a merechorech, orikel.
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rtangel, v.a.s.is to be pounded, smashed or crushed.
rtangel a kirel el merot; medal a biskang a rtangel, rotengii, remot.
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sisall, v.a.s.is to be deloused.
sisall a kirel el mesais a bdelul; mengai a kud er ngii.
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tetekill, v.a.s.is to be plucked or torn off; is to be pulled at.
tetekill a kirel el metetekakl; toteklii a dui; meltekakl er ngii, totekakl a okul a ert, teteklel.
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State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
baikingdisease; germs.baikingdisease; germs.
tangtikebikelsee-saw; teeter-totter.tangtikebikel(object) wobbly or in danger of falling over.
teberoishin; (large, triangle-shaped) coconut candy.teberoibow-legged.
choalechsea urchin.choalech(head) having bristly hair.
koltgold.koltgolden.
uloechspear(?).uloechspear(?).
rechorechstealing; theft; robbery; selfishness.sekerechorechprone to stealing.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
medul a renguldisgusted with.
mechedeng a rengulget surprised, puzzled or perplexed (by someone's behavior, etc.).
omtechei a rengulget back at; do to someone as he does to you.
obais a rengulget fed up with; become unable to cope with.
medecherecher a rengul stubborn; adamant; not easily swayed.
mengurt a rengulhurt (feelings); make (someone) despair.
seitak a rengul(person is) very choosy; picky.

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