Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

cheleuid, v.r.s.confused; mistaken; erred.
cheleuid a diak le ngii a merang; ngodech el diak lemera el rolel, mecheuid er a belsechel a skuul, cheludul.
See also:
delechodech, v.r.s.(person) speared or clubbed.
delechodech a mla medechodech; chellebed er a olechodech, chelebed er a mekemad.
See also:
kliai, v.r.s.raised just above surface (but not touching); levitating.
kliai a mla mekiai; mengellael; di telkib el cheroid er a chutem a ochil; kiei el kliai a ochil er a ulaol.
See also:
selibech, v.r.s.(branches, etc.) broken off.
selibech a mla mesibech; iedel a selibech a rechelel, sibechii, suibech el mei er eou; sbechel
See also:
telecholb, v.r.s.bathed, baptized.
telecholb a telechelubel.
See also:
telooch, v.r.s.(baby, animal) fed with pre-chewed food.
telooch a rringet el kall; ngalek a menga telooch; tmochii, tmooch; tochel a ngalek.
See also:
urreked, v.r.s.held onto; grasped.
urreked a urrekodel; mla orkedii a chutem; urreked a mesei e mekreos; orekedel a klalo.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

kersall, v.a.s.is to be pulled, towed or dragged.
kersall a krukl; kirel el mekurs; kursii a mlai, otemetii, kmurs a kerrekar.
See also:
odkelall, v.a.s.is to be made to move; (person) is to be made active.
odkelall a kirel el modikel; mesaik a odkelall, odkelii; rullii el mo ouedikel; odkelel.
See also:
ongidall, v.a.s.(food) is to be given or exchanged ceremonially.
ongidall a kirel el mongoid; ongoid, diak el ongidall a chutem er a telungalek.
See also:
osiaol, v.a.s.(drawer, suitcase, etc.) is to be closed; (clothes) are to have seam sewn; (fire) is to be fed.
See also:
sechesekill, v.a.s.(distance) is to be jumped.
sechesekill a beot el mesechesokl; suchesokl er ngii; merdekekl er ngii.
See also:
serechall, v.a.s.is to be cleansed/bathed in hot water.
serechall a serochel; kirel el mesarech, smarech a cheluib el mo toluk, serechel a cheluib.
See also:
techebekill, v.a.s.is to be dived into.
techebekill a sebechel el metechelbakl; diak el sal dmolech; melechelbakl.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
dechuswart; mole.dechuswart; mole.
martilionghammer.martiliongclumsy; ungraceful; untalented; (person) blunt or hard-hitting (in his words).
berechsmell of raw fish.bekeberechsmell of the sea or raw fish.
daktfear; awe.bedektallfearful; shy.
ngelloklnodding; dozing (off).olengelloklnod when sleepy; doze off.
otekliklvertical support beam for buadel whose bottom end lis on imuul.oteklikllying down with feet in air.
cheisechpermanent stain.cheisechstained (permanently from betel nut juice; banana juice; etc.).

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
oltak er a renguldeceive oneself about being someone's sweetheart.
mengaidesachel a rengulcompetitive.
sesuul a rengul(person) undecided.
klurt a rengul(feelings) hurt.
smiich a rengulfeel proud about (someone).
kersos a rengulyearning; anxious (to see).
mengesib er a rengul get someone angry.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','35.175.190.77','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')