Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

berrokel, v.r.s.spread; stretched out; propagated.
berrokel a mla oberk; mla mesumech; berrokel a ungil el chisel, merekii, merek, berekel.
See also:
cheleched, v.r.s.husked.
cheleched a chelechidel; lius el mla mecheched; chechedel.
See also:
chelsechosu, v.r.s.splinted.
chelsechosu a chelam; llechotel e uldak er a medecher me ng diak le medeu.
See also:
delalem, v.r.s.planted.
delalem a mla medalem; dait a delalem, dellomel, dolemii, dualem, delemel.
See also:
kerroker, v.r.s.(food) removed from pot completely.
kerroker a mla mekeroker; mla mengai el rokui; bachachau, korekerii a olekang, koroker, kerekerel.
See also:
ulchit, v.r.s.advanced past; defeated.
See also:
ulecheoch, v.r.s.asked for persistently.
ulecheoch a mla mocheoch; mla mesisiich el ongtir; mla mechechii a klok er ngak; ochechel a klok.
See also:


Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chelekelekall, v.a.s.is to be rubbed (between hands).
See also:
kemedall, v.a.s.is to be sewn up.
kemedall a kirel el mekemed; melabek a mechut el klalo; komedii a bail, kuemed, kemedel a bail.
See also:
kerioll, v.a.s.(person) is to be reminded of debt; (loan, etc.) is to be recalled.
kerioll a kirel el mekeriil; korilii, mengeriil a medal a udoud; koriil a udoud, blals a kerioll, kerilel.
See also:
kimungall, v.a.s.(person) is to have head shaven.
kimungall a kirel el mekemuu; metamk a bdelul, kimungii el mo diak a chiul, klemuu, kimungel.
See also:
ledokel, v.a.s.is to be stretched out or placed lengthwise.
See also:
lingall, v.a.s.is to have hole punched/opened in it.
lingall a kirel meling; bsebsall, lingir a beached; msebsii a bechad el mo lling.
See also:
otutall, v.a.s.(spear, gun, etc.) is to be aimed at target; (law) is to be enforced; (fire) is to be lighted; (job) is to be started; is to be hooked.
otutall a kirel el motaut; otaut a llechul a rael, otutii a ngau, llechul a rael a otutall; otutel.
See also:


State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

rechorechstealing; theft; robbery; selfishness.sekerechorechprone to stealing.
chadliver.chedengaolsick with jaundice.
chemadechcoconut sap.chemadech (plant) unripe or green; (food) raw or uncooked; be in full standing position when dancing; brand new.
ureorwork; job; task.bekureorwork a lot; hard-working; diligent.
tutaumorning; this morning.tutauPalau morning bird.
bidokelhives.bidokel broken out in hives.
chemaiongdragonfly.chemaiong prone to moving from one boyfriend or girlfriend to another.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

luut er a rengulanything causing one to lose one's resolve.
bebeot a rengulrather undecided about something; not taking something too seriously.
oubuch a rengultreat person as if he or she were one's spouse.
meringel a rengulfeel bad about (something wasted); (something wasted) arouse sympathy; (something valuable) wasted.
ulsarech a rengul(emotions etc.) held in.
bechecherd a rengulirascible; easily fed up with.
outekangel er a rengulpersevere; force (oneself) to do something.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')