Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

bllebel, v.r.s.wound around with rope, cord, tape, etc.
See also:
chelol, v.r.s.carried on the shoulder; carried away; picked up; stolen.
See also:
derreder, v.r.s.headed; ruled; governed.
derreder a ulekrael; cheldereder, mla medereder; mechedereder, mosisechakl, derreder me te meduch a urreor.
See also:
klbochel, v.r.s.(branches; etc.) broken off.
klbochel a selibech el rechelel a kerrekar, e ouecharo el olab a klbochel
See also:
kled, v.r.s.directed; organized.
kled a beruadel, madelkled a medal a ungil a rengul; madelkled a klebokel el meloik.
See also:
seluched, v.r.s.pulled at; pressed.
seluched a mla mesuched; suchedii a chimal; seluched me ng smecher, smuched, sechedel.
See also:
telok, v.r.s.(toe) stubbed; (wood) planed against grain.
telok a ultok; diak el ungil; diak el ngar er a urebetellel a tekoi; telok el cheldecheduch.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

besachel, v.a.s.is to be counted/named/mentioned.
See also:
dechedechall, v.a.s.(person) is to be speared or clubbed.
See also:
otebedall, v.a.s.is to be taken out.
otebedall a kirel el motobed el mo er a kirel, otebedii er a delengchokl, otobed, otebedel.
See also:
otungall, v.a.s.is to be made to enter or to put into.
otungall a kirel el motuu; otungii a meleboteb, otuu a klalo, otungel.
See also:
sechudel, v.a.s.temporarily crippled (by muscle cramp, etc.).
sechudel a rekdel a ouach; mekngit el merael; tingoi a ochil; sechedelel.
See also:
skuul, v.a.s.is to be put, packed or stuffed into.
skuul a kirel el mesuk; skuul a locha er a chelsel; smuk a kukau e sukur a ngikel; skul.
See also:
tibechall, v.a.s.is to be touched lightly.
tibechall a kirel el metboech; tibechii a sechelil; tiboech; melboech er ngii; tibechel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
kelmolmaction of tickling (lightly).mekelmolmticklish; tingling; sensitive.
uloechspear(?).uloech(person) in a hurry to go somewhere.
rasechblood.rasechbloody.
chudelgrass.chudelgreen jobfish.
chadman; person; human being; living being; someone; somebody; anyone; anybody.chadalive; living.
builmoon; month.buil moon-shaped.
olechutellarge bamboo raftolechutel(boat, person) slow-moving

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
mengurt a rengulhurt (feelings); make (someone) despair.
orreked er a rengulrestrain or control (oneself) (esp., from showing anger).
mengesib er a rengul get someone angry.
mimokl a rengulbroad-minded.
bltkil a rengulone's affection/concern for.
mekngit a rengulfeel sorry/sad about; mean; inconsiderate.
melaok a renguladulterous; acquisitive.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.227.76.180','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')