Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blachel, v.r.s.(firewood) split.
blachel a blechall; telutiud el mekekeriei, mla obachel, mechelii, machel a idungel.
See also:
selarech, v.r.s.stepped on; toured or visited.
selarech a mla mesarech; toluk a selarech, serechel a cheluib.
See also:
ulekdid, v.r.s.hereditary.
ulekdid a uldid; rruul a rolel; ngar ngii a did er ngii.
See also:
ulkiis, v.r.s.awakened.
See also:
ulseked, v.r.s.squeezed in; crowded out.
ulseked a mla moseked; ngar a delongelel a eru el klalo el meseked; diak le medidai; ulseked er a delongelel a mlai; osekedel.
See also:
ulserechakl, v.r.s.stepped on (and giving off sound).
ulserechakl a klou a rengul; ulsarech a rengul; diak el beot el ngmasech a rengul; ulserecheklel.
See also:
ulteremed, v.r.s.pressed down; crushed.
ulteremed a mla moteremed; marek el sausab a ulteremed; blet, otermedel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chelmongel, v.a.s.is to be accompanied/escorted.
chelmongel a kirel el mechelim, mengelim er a medakd, cholmengii a mekngit a rengul; chelmengel.
See also:
ngisall, v.a.s.(ongraol) is to be cooked or boiled in water; (tapioca) just ripe for boiling.
ngisall a kirel el mengiokl; ngisall a ongraol er a kebesengei el diokang.
See also:
ochebngall, v.a.s.is to be brought to surface of water.
ochebngall a kirel el mochob; mei er a bab; olechob er a mlai, ochebngii a ert el mei er a bebul a daob; ochebngel.
See also:
oibekall, v.a.s.is to be broken or smashed through.
oibekall a kirel el moiubek; tmoech er a bitang; kboub a oibekall, oibekii, oiubek, oibekel.
See also:
otongall, v.a.s.is to be included.
otongall a kirel el motoi; oltoi, oldak, blengur a otongall a ongraol me a kliou me a rodech me a iasai er ngii; otongel.
See also:
sbadel, v.a.s.is to be told or informed.
sbadel a kirel el mesubed; beluu a sbadel er a urreor; subedii a beluu, sbedel a urreor.
See also:
tkiil, v.a.s.is to be struck with fist.
tkiil a kirel el metik; tikir, tmik; diak el tkiil a chad.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
chedechuulknack/magical power for doing things; blueprint; plan (for house, bai, etc).chedechuulknack/magical power for doing things; blueprint; plan (for house, bai, etc).
berechsmell of raw fish.bekeberechsmell of the sea or raw fish.
kerisgoiter.kerisgoiter.
rubakelder; old man; chief; foreign man; boyfriend; husband.rubakhaving the qualities of an old man.
bekngiukmold; (food) moldy/mildewed.bekngiukmold; (food) moldy/mildewed.
ngikelfish.bekengikelsmell of fish.
tebotebjagged projectile.oudertebotebjagged.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
mekikiid a rengulunsympathetic; uncaring; uninvolved; emotionless.
meses a rengulindustrious; diligent.
beot a renguleasygoing; nonchalant; unmotivated; lazy.
smuuch a rengul(person) calm/placid.
doaoch a rengulindecisive; fickle; inconsistent; prone to changing one's mind.
ralmetaoch a rengulinsensitive; not easily affected; easygoing; casual; prone to avoiding responsibility.
blekebek a rengulpleasant/nice (in personality); congenial.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.81.68.240','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')