Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

delkois, v.r.s.placed on slant.
delkois a mla medkois; turekorek, dkois, melkois, torib a delkois a omerolel.
See also:
klbadel, v.r.s.told; informed.
klbadel a mla subedii; selubed, mla dmung me ng kirel el medengei
See also:
klum, v.r.s.baked in the ground.
klum a kall el ulekmark er a chelsel a chutem; mengum, klum el babii.
See also:
uldai, v.r.s.pulled in.
uldai a mla mudai; mla mekurs er a udai, mla motamet; bilas a mla mudai el mei er a cheldukl; udiil.
See also:
ulekramek, v.r.s.treated with compost.
ulekramek a mla mukramek; mla locha ramek; kloeas; mekremekii a mesei, omekramek, ukremekel.
See also:
ullaol, v.r.s.(house) has had floor put on.
ullaol a mla mulaol; ngar ngii a ulolel, mla mlolii, ulolel.
See also:


Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chesmerall, v.a.s.is to be closed, confined or locked in (e.g. as punishment).
See also:
kesekesengall, v.a.s.(chant, lullaby, etc.) is to be sung.
kesekesengall a kirel el mekesekes; kosekesengii a ngalek, kesekesengel.
See also:
ochuill, v.a.s.(someone's glance or attention) is to be attracted; is to be called out to.
See also:
oingall, v.a.s.is to be dodged.
See also:
okekiaol, v.a.s.is to be awakened.
See also:
terdall, v.a.s.is to be irritated/annoyed/frustrated.
See also:
ukadel, v.a.s.(fish) is to be caught by casting net.
See also:


State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

kesaiinsufficient quantity.kesaiinsufficient quantity.
bukcorner; angle; joint; node.bkebkuulhaving many nodes; rough-edged; (shin of leg) have bumpy surface.
chemanglarge sea or mangrove crab; Samoan crab.bekechemangsmell of crabs (after cooking or eating crabs).
lusechluck.melusechalways lucky.
bausmell; odor; scent.bekebau(cooked meat or fish, cooking pot, etc.) foul-smelling.
iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.iluodel(people) sitting, standing or arranged in a circle; (stone platform) built circular.
bausmell; odor; scent.bekebausmell of vagina.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

beot a renguleasygoing; nonchalant; unmotivated; lazy.
oubuch a rengultreat person as if he or she were one's spouse.
melemalt a rengulfair; just; understanding; good-hearted.
moded a rengul(person is) easygoing/even-tempered.
betik a rengulhaving a deep feeling or affection for; love.
ngelekel a rengulfavorite child.
mekngit er a rengulnot good for; not all right with.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')