Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blakes, v.r.s.(leg) moved to walk.
blakes a mla obakes; mekesii, blakes a cheroid, blekeklel
See also:
blodech, v.r.s.picked up with fingers.
blodech a mla obodech; nglai er a cheldengelel a chim, medechii, modech, bedechel.
See also:
blor, v.r.s.(hands, chest) laid or put on or against something.
blor a mla obor; bereked, ngalek a omor er a ulul er a ulaol.
See also:
chelimer, v.r.s.pried open; lifted or moved (by a wedge).
chelimer a mla mechimer; beltikel, berruud, chimerii, chuimer a chesimer, mengimer.
See also:
deludeu, v.r.s.bent in many places.
deludeu a betok el deleu; mla medudeu, dour, dmeu a mamed, deul.
See also:
kldoked, v.r.s.untied; unfastened.
kldoked a mla mekedoked; nglai a semesemel, kodekedii, kodoked a ouak, kedekedel.
See also:
urrachem, v.r.s.mixed.
urrachem a modak; diokang a urrachem.
See also:


Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bechall, v.a.s.(firewood) is to be split.
See also:
chiikel, v.a.s.(leaves) are to be plucked or stripped off plant.
See also:
deratel, v.a.s.(taro, etc.) is to be scraped; (cord, etc.) is to be cut through; (relationship) is to be broken off.
deratel a kirel medort; kukau a deratel, merort a kukau, dmort a kukau, dertel.
See also:
odmall, v.a.s.is to be made to appear.
See also:
okingall, v.a.s.is to be seated or appointed.
See also:
sedelall, v.a.s.is to be torn or dismembered.
See also:
tekuall, v.a.s.is to be carried in cupped hands.
tekuall a kirel el metaku; tekiul; melaku, tmaku a uasech; tokuar a sub, tekuel.
See also:


State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

telengtungdwild tamarind; lead tree.telengtungdwild tamarind; lead tree.
otordblunt-headed parrot fish.otordblunt-headed parrot fish.
berechsmell of raw fish.bekeberechsmell of the sea or raw fish.
uloechspear(?).uloech(person) in a hurry to go somewhere.
mbesaoldrool; spittle.mbesaoldrool; spittle.
kelmolmaction of tickling (lightly).mekelmolmticklish; tingling; sensitive.
kelebusjail, prison.kelebusjail, prison.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

llemesel a rengulhis/her/its intelligence.
melamet er a renguldo things as one pleases.
olturk a rengulsatiate; make someone give up (from fatigue); get one's fill of; insult continuously or mercilessly; let someone really have it.
omech er a rengultake the edge of one's hunger.
beralm a rengullazy; unmotivated; unconcerned; uncaring.
omud a rengulfed up with; exasperated; can't stand.
ukab er a rengul(something sentimental) arouses one's emotions (touch someone's figurative heart).

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')