Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelemochem, v.r.s.urinated on.
chelemochem a mla mechemochem; chumechemii, mengemochem er a ulaol, chemechemel.
See also:
chelemull, v.r.s.engaged in sexual relations with.
chelemull a mla moterebek, chad a mla mengemull er ngii.
See also:
rrodech, v.r.s.tried or aimed at blindly; tricked into giving information.
rrodech a mla merodech; rodechii mla medangch.
See also:
telikm, v.r.s.(mouth) stuffed.
telikm a mui; ulekeek, mla metikm; tikmii a ngerel er a kall; tuikm a ngerir; melikm, tekmel.
See also:
ulalk, v.r.s.dyed purple; purple color/dye; pandanus dyed purple.
See also:
ulechar, v.r.s.filled with liquid.
ulechar a mla mochar; ulekeek; ollumel a ulechar er a ralm; mecherur a butiliang.
See also:
uleketmokl, v.r.s.arranged; put in proper place; neat, well-organized.
See also:


Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

ngisall, v.a.s.(ongraol) is to be cooked or boiled in water; (tapioca) just ripe for boiling.
ngisall a kirel el mengiokl; ngisall a ongraol er a kebesengei el diokang.
See also:
orikall, v.a.s.is to be chased out, expelled or gotten rid of.
orikall a kirel el moriik, oriik a bilis, orikii a merechorech, orikel.
See also:
sesobel, v.a.s.is to be burned.
sesobel a seseball.
See also:
tkiil, v.a.s.is to be struck with fist.
tkiil a kirel el metik; tikir, tmik; diak el tkiil a chad.
See also:
udisall, v.a.s.is to be hidden in bushes.
See also:
uketkall, v.a.s.is to be reminded.
ukltkall a kirel el muklatk; omeklatk me lak lobes a klumech; mekltkii me lolim a kar, ukltkel.
See also:
uksecherall, v.a.s.is to be made sick.
uksecherall a kirel el muksecher; meksecherii; diak el uksecherall a chad me a charem le ng mekull.
See also:


State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

meduumale genitals (large).meduubreadfruit.
meduumale genitals (large).meduu(testicles) swollen; (pig) having testicles/uncastrated.
chadliver.chedengaolsick with jaundice.
sengerengerhunger; starvation.bekesengerengerget hungry easily; always getting hungry.
bengtpurple colored sweet potato.bengtpurple colored sweet potato.
uloechspear(?).uloech(person) in a hurry to go somewhere.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

omai er a rengulhesitate; be unsure about.
blotech a rengulpleased; satisfied; appeased.
klurt a rengul(feelings) hurt.
beltik a rengulbetik a rengul
merael a rengulindecisive.
mekngit a rengulfeel sorry/sad about; mean; inconsiderate.
tngeklel a rengulpeace offering for someone.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')