Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

teloi, v.r.s.included in; among.
teloi a uldimukl; obengterir, oltoi er ngii er a seked; otongii er a omerael; otongel.
See also:
teluich, v.r.s.lighted; illuminated.
teluich a mla moues er a mellomes; mla metuich; tmuich a ngikel; tuiechii a medal; meluich er tir; tichel.
See also:
uleketmokl, v.r.s.arranged; put in proper place; neat, well-organized.
See also:
ulkako, v.r.s.teased.
See also:
ulkebekabes, v.r.s.hanging or dangling continually.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bredechall, v.a.s.is to be buttoned or inlaid.
bredechall a kirel el obrodech, merdechii, mrodech, kirel el murodech a bail.
See also:
chederedall, v.a.s.is to be headed/ruled/governed/explained; under someone else's power/supervision.
See also:
chesechesemall, v.a.s.is to be dirtied or smeared (with food).
chesechesemall a kirel el mechilt; mechesechusem a bedengel er a kar; chusechesechemii, chiltii, mengesechusem.
See also:
ririuul, v.a.s.is to be shaken.
ririuul a kirel el meririau; berikd el iedel a ririuul; ririur me ng ruebet a rdechel.
See also:
ukdengchekill, v.a.s.is to be seated.
ukdengchekill a kirel el mukedengchokl; mo dengchokl; mekedengcheklii, omekedengchokl er ngii.
See also:
uklematel, v.a.s.is to be made straight.
See also:
ulochall, v.a.s.is to be prophesied about.
ulochall a kirel el mulaoch; omlaoch er ngii; mlochii a meringel el kodall; mlaoch a klebelung; ulochel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
uidfruit that has fallen off the tree on its own.udall(fishnet) is to be pulled in.
martilionghammer.martiliongclumsy; ungraceful; untalented; (person) blunt or hard-hitting (in his words).
chelechedsmall sea crab.chelechedarea of shallow water (usually exposed at low tide and good for fishing).
bausmell; odor; scent.bekebau(cooked meat or fish, cooking pot, etc.) foul-smelling.
tebotebjagged projectile.oudertebotebjagged.
mengchongchthick betel nut fiber used for wrapping food, making rain hat, etc.chellibelmengchongchwhite; (woman) beautiful/white-skinned.
chermallhibiscus (bark used as a rope; leaves used as mulch for taro).chermallhibiscus (bark used as a rope; leaves used as mulch for taro).

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
blak a rengulhard-working; diligent; eager; attentive; interested in; intent upon; decided on; in favor of.
omult er a rengulconvince; persuade.
bekongesengasech a renguleasily angered; excitable.
omatek er a rengul restrain ones\ desire\ to\ do\ something\;\ keep\ ones desire(s) to oneself.
melemlim a rengulCurious, prying, snoopy, inquisitive, nosy.
olsiich er a rengultake pleasure in someone else's pain, difficulties, problems, etc.
omai er a rengulhesitate; be unsure about.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.167.219.201','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')