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Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelderoder, v.r.s.put together or into order; arranged.
chelderoder a mla mechederoder choderoder a babier, chederderel a babier, ungil el blechobech.
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chelisb, v.r.s.(food, liquid, dirt, etc.) having been scooped or spooned out.
chelisb a mla mechisb; nglai er a ongisb, chisbii, chuisb a kall, chesbel.
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chelituuk, v.r.s.repaired; arranged; fixed; adjusted.
chelituuk a ouedikel a le mechiuaiu. chelituuk a mengituuk; osiik a rolel; mengedechuul, choitukii a mesil el mo ungil, choituuk, chitukel a mechut el mlai.
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telecheb, v.r.s.removed; scraped up; cut out; uprooted.
telecheb a nglai el cheroid; mla metecheb a belsiich; tuecheb a chetermall; tochebii a debsel a lius.
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uldermerem, v.r.s.pushed or forced (under water, into ground, etc.).
ulderemerem a mla moderemerem; ulsarech el ultuu er a daob; ert a ulderemerem er a daob; odermeremel.
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ulkebekabes, v.r.s.hanging or dangling continually.
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Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chechedall, v.a.s.is to be husked.
chechedall a kirel el mecheched; chochedii, mengeched a lius, chechedel
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chemengall, v.a.s.is to be pried up or lifted with lever.
chemengall a ousbech er a ongem; kirel el mechem; mengem a kerrekar; mengider.
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chesbedengall, v.a.s.(face) is to be slapped.
chesbedengall a kirel el mechesbad; mechelebed, chosbedengii, chosbad, diak le chesbedengall a chad.
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oremoll, v.a.s.is to be urged or forced.
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otidall, v.a.s.is to be made to ejaculate or brought to climax.
otidall a kirel el motiid; rullii el otobed a tiid, tidel.
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udedmall, v.a.s.is to be spied on or watched for carefully.
udedmall a kirel el mudidm; berrotel e mes; mdedmii a merechorech, mdidm a omerotel er a klalo, udedmel.
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udelmall, v.a.s.(weapon) is to be aimed; is to be focused on or at.
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State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
kldolsfatness; thickness.kedols(round object) fat, thick or wide. Commonly used to describe betelnuts and coconuts.
ngulasthma.ngulasthmatic; suffering from a bout of asthma.
mongkcomplaint; criticism.bekemongkalways complaining.
chermallhibiscus (bark used as a rope; leaves used as mulch for taro).chermall having vagina which lubricates quickly.
chelechedsmall sea crab.chelechedarea of shallow water (usually exposed at low tide and good for fishing).
kosuiperfume.bekekosuismell strongly of perfume.
chadliver.chedengaolhave a large liver.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
mesmesim a rengulunstable; changing one's mind easily.
nguibes a renguldesirous of; lusting after.
omekerrau er a rengulconfuse; puzzle.
obais a rengulget fed up with; become unable to cope with.
klikiid a renguluninvolved.
mengaidesachel a rengulcompetitive.
delbeseaol a rengulaimless; idle; foolish.

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