Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blouch, v.r.s.split; cracked.
blouch a diak le cherrungel, mla obouch; bleuechel, omouch, blouch a bambuu, buchel.
See also:
llebal, v.r.s.(hands) washed/dunked in water.
llebal a mla meiebal; telellib a chimal; lobal a chimal, lobelur, meleball.
See also:
telechelbakl, v.r.s.dived into.
telechelbakl a mla metechelbakl; te mla melechelbakl er ngii; Ngeremechiuch a techelbeklel.
See also:
telechelokl, v.r.s.moved or push up and away; cleared; blown up by wind.
telechelokl a blkais; mla metechelokl, mla metukouk; tucheleklii a chutem; tuchelokl a chesimer; techeleklel.
See also:
ulekioud, v.r.s.delayed.
ulekioud a mla mo meoud; kles a ulekioud me a rechad a songerengerang; meudang.
See also:
ulengim, v.r.s.given drink; made to drink.
ulengim a mla mongim; mngelmii a ngalek; omngim, ungelmel a ngalek.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bekengall, v.a.s.is to be opened or spread apart.
bekengall a kirel el obok; mkisii, omok a medal, mekengii a chesimer, bekengel.
See also:
bidall, v.a.s.are to be travelled between.
bidall a kirel el oboid; omoid, merael a beluu, midii, bidel
See also:
chideball, v.a.s.is to be hung onto with hands.
chideball a kirel el mechidobel, chimal a chedam a chideball er a rengelekel, choidebelii er a demal, mengidobel, chidebelel.
See also:
kemedall, v.a.s.is to be sewn up.
kemedall a kirel el mekemed; melabek a mechut el klalo; komedii a bail, kuemed, kemedel a bail.
See also:
tebakel, v.a.s.is to be patched; (fine) is to be paid.
tebakel a kirel el metabek; tuabek a selodel el bail; tobekii, tebekel.
See also:
udedmall, v.a.s.is to be spied on or watched for carefully.
udedmall a kirel el mudidm; berrotel e mes; mdedmii a merechorech, mdidm a omerotel er a klalo, udedmel.
See also:
uklsechall, v.a.s.is to be wished luck.
uklsechall a kirel el muklusech; omeklusech er ngii; meklsechii; mo ungil besul; mo melusech; ukbechel
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
klukuktomorrow; the next or following day.klukuk be tomorrow; be the next or following day.
siktcluster/bunch of fruit.mesiktbe in a cluster (used only in mesikt el btuch).
chelechedsmall sea crab.chelechedarea of shallow water (usually exposed at low tide and good for fishing).
chermallhibiscus (bark used as a rope; leaves used as mulch for taro).chermallcheromel
boesgun; blowgun.sekeboesgo shooting a lot; good at shooting.
beraomfish kept until slightly spoiled and then wrapped and barbequed.beraomfish kept until slightly spoiled and then wrapped and barbequed.
chetaubrief rain squall.chetaubrief rain squall.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
omai er a rengulhesitate; be unsure about.
beralm a rengullazy; unmotivated; unconcerned; uncaring.
ngoaol a rengulconfronted with and perplexed by large task or responsibility.
bebeot a rengulrather undecided about something; not taking something too seriously.
smecher a rengulhomesick.
mekeald a rengulfeel hot inside.
dmeu a rengulhappy; glad; joyful; appreciative.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.234.65.78','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')