Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

berrober, v.r.s.snatched; grabbed; seized; (land) captured.
berrober a mla oberober; chutem a berrober er a ulecheracheb, mereberii, merober, bereberel.
See also:
blur, v.r.s.boiled before cooking; precooked; parboiled; (food which justs) needs to be reheated (before eating).
blur a mla obur; teleu a sengosel, blur el kim, mreii, mur, omur a kim, breel.
See also:
kldib, v.r.s.hit with rapid slap of hand.
See also:
kltmokl, v.r.s.straightened up; arranged; cleaned; prepared; ready.
See also:
telichekl, v.r.s.inserted (and held firmly); (food) stuck between teeth.
telichekl a mla metichekl; ticheklii a oles, tichekl a bung er a bderrir; ticheklel.
See also:
ultilech, v.r.s.has had something put on top of it.
ultilech a ulsarech, mla motilech, ultilech er a mlai; mlai a ngar er a bebul; otelechii.
See also:
ultngakl, v.r.s.rejected; returned; declined; pushed back.
ultngakl a mla motngakl; ulluut; dimlak a kengei; otngakl a udoud mloluut; otngeklii, otngeklel.
See also:


Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bsebsall, v.a.s.is to be drilled; (ear) is to be pierced.
bsebsall a kirel el obsibs, lingir, msebsii a kerrekar, bsebsel a ding.
See also:
chesemall, v.a.s.(mouth) is to be wiped; (hands) are to be wiped of dirt, food, etc.
See also:
chesenguul, v.a.s.is to be occupied or busy.
See also:
deoll, v.a.s.is to be nailed.
deoll a kirel el medeel; dmelii a chesimer, dmeel, meleel, blai a deoll, delel.
See also:
ochetall, v.a.s.is to be advanced past or defeated.
See also:
ochisall, v.a.s.is to be chased away.
See also:
otongall, v.a.s.is to be included.
otongall a kirel el motoi; oltoi, oldak, blengur a otongall a ongraol me a kliou me a rodech me a iasai er ngii; otongel.
See also:


State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

baikingdisease; germs.baikingdisease; germs.
bobaipapaya tree (including fruit).bobaidull; slow-witted.
lalechpus.bellachelpurulent; festering; (woman's genitals) unclean and smelly; (starchy food) too soft or slimy.
chadliver.chedengaolhave a large liver.
mechiechab hole.mechiechab(teeth) full of cavities.
bisechwild taro (makes mouth itchy).bisech(person) easily aroused sexually.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

mengurs er a rengulattract.
cheberdil a rengulobject of one's feelings/affections.
seselkang a rengulbecoming bored or impatient.
meses a rengulindustrious; diligent.
derengulalso, used a as friendly expression of envy.
mesmesim a rengulunstable; changing one's mind easily.
bltkil a rengulone's affection/concern for.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')