Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blukel, v.r.s.cut or pushed down.
blukel a ulukel; mla meukel, a lius a blukel, mkelii, ukelel.
See also:
chelaus, v.r.s.sprinkled with lime; woven.
chelaus a mla mechaus; chemelel a chelaus, mengaus, chusel a chemachel; chousii a oruikl, chemaus a tet, chusel.
See also:
cheliroir, v.r.s.caught up with; (hair, etc.) cut to same length.
cheliroir a osisiu a klemanget; kmoir a cheiul, choiririi, cheliroir a sngoselild.
See also:
selauch, v.r.s.broken off; (child) carried at side with legs astraddle.
selauch a mla mesauch; nglai, buuch a selauch, souchii, smauch, suchel.
See also:
uldidm, v.r.s.spied on; watched for carefully.
uldidm a mla mudidm; mla moues; rrechorech el udoud a uldidm; mdedmii; mdidm; udedmel.
See also:
ulkard, v.r.s.lighted.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bengkengkoll, v.a.s.(object, usually long) to be laid on ground; exposed quickly by outgoing tide.
bengkengkoll a meched el obebengkangk a mlai er ngii.
See also:
chesechesemall, v.a.s.is to be dirtied or smeared (with food).
chesechesemall a kirel el mechilt; mechesechusem a bedengel er a kar; chusechesechemii, chiltii, mengesechusem.
See also:
odirekerekall, v.a.s.is to be overdone.
odirekerekall a kirel el mo direkorek; oldirekorek; oisur; betok; mo medeel, cheleberoche a uldirekorek el kall.
See also:
osongel, v.a.s.is to be seen or looked at.
osongel a kirel el moes; mes a ngloik, omes a ruk, smecher a mo er a osongel; osengel.
See also:
otongall, v.a.s.is to be included.
otongall a kirel el motoi; oltoi, oldak, blengur a otongall a ongraol me a kliou me a rodech me a iasai er ngii; otongel.
See also:
tetongel, v.a.s.is to be torn or shredded.
tetongel a tetengall.
See also:
ukdengchekill, v.a.s.is to be seated.
ukdengchekill a kirel el mukedengchokl; mo dengchokl; mekedengcheklii, omekedengchokl er ngii.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
hambunghalf.hambunghalf-witted; simple-minded.
baikingdisease; germs.baiking(person) unsanitary/unhygienic (in one's habits).
chemadechcoconut sap.chemadechcoconut sap.
secheleifriend; companion; boyfriend; girlfriend; lover; term of address from a woman to a group of people.bekesecheleifriendly; having many friends.
kerdikyaws; framboesia.kerdiksuffering from yaws.
iudoraiburent-a-car; U-drive car.iudoraibu (woman) loose or fast.
hambunghalf.hambunghalf.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
nguibes a renguldesirous of; lusting after.
mederdirk a rengulfeel scorn for.
mesmesim a rengulunstable; changing one's mind easily.
mereng er a rengulplease; go along with (so as not to hurt feelings).
doaoch a rengulindecisive; fickle; inconsistent; prone to changing one's mind.
melai er a rengulpersuade.
tngeklel a rengulpeace offering for someone.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.158.214.111','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')