Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blkobk, v.r.s.peeled (off).
blkobk a nglai a budel; mla obkobk; mkebkii, mkobk a tuu, bkebkel.
See also:
chelab, v.r.s.has ashes put on it.
chelab a mla mechab; ngar ngii a chab, chobur, chuab, sers a chelab, chebul.
See also:
cheloatel, v.r.s.(village) protected by stone wall.
See also:
teliud, v.r.s.cut lengthwise or down the middle.
teliud a teluidel; mla metiud; tiuedii a sangdiang; tmiud a bobai, meliud; tudel a bobai.
See also:
uldoim, v.r.s.has odoim added to it; given odoim.
uldoim a ngar er ngii a odimel; uldoim a telochel, kles a uldoim; mdimii, mdoim, udimel.
See also:
ulekdechor, v.r.s.made to stand; built.
ulekdechor a mla mo dechor; mla mekedcherur; mla mekedchor a blai; okedcherul a blai.
See also:
ulekdinges, v.r.s.made full; satisifed.
ulekdinges a ungil el ulekang; ~ chuodel a kldmokl e medinges; diak el sengerenger; mla mukdinges; ukdngesel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bedesall, v.a.s.is to be arranged/lined up/displayed.
bedesall a kirel el obades; bedukl; omechobech; omades er a rengalek, mades, bedesel.
See also:
chitukall, v.a.s.is to be repaired, arranged or fixed.
chitukall a kirel el mechituuk, kirel el meruul; chitukii, choituuk a mechut el mlai; chitukel.
See also:
kerioll, v.a.s.(person) is to be reminded of debt; (loan, etc.) is to be recalled.
kerioll a kirel el mekeriil; korilii, mengeriil a medal a udoud; koriil a udoud, blals a kerioll, kerilel.
See also:
ochiuall, v.a.s.is to be put to sleep.
See also:
okesengall, v.a.s.is to be tightened.
okesengall a kirel el mokes; okesengii a lechet, okes; okesengel.
See also:
otekuul, v.a.s.is to be held in lap; (house) is to be supported (by foundation; etc.).
otekuul a kirel el motekau; oltekau, ngalek a otekuul; otekul a ngalek.
See also:
tuidel, v.a.s.is to be cut lengthwise or down the middle.
tuidel a kirel metiud; meliud er ngii; tiuedii a bobai; tmiud a brak, tudel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
riamelfootball fruit (Pangi; Payan).bekeriamelsmell like football fruit; sweaty; have a strong body odor (especially, as result of diet or poor hygiene).
uidglue; resin; fuel for lamp.muduidsticky; adhesive.
iitmiss; failure.iitmiss; failure.
kobesossea horse.kobesos (head) long, narrow or pointed.
cheballwhite-leafed taro (yautia); gray/white hair.cheballgray-haired; white-haired.
ngelloklnodding; dozing (off).olengelloklslow-moving; sluggish.
baikingdisease; germs.baiking(person) unsanitary/unhygienic (in one's habits).

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
melekoi a renguldetermined; well-motivated; make rasping or humming sound in the lungs; make humming moise while sleeping; (cat) purr.
ulsarech a rengul(emotions etc.) held in.
luut er a rengulanything causing one to lose one's resolve.
chelimimuul a rengulchelimimii a rengul
seselkang a rengulbecoming bored or impatient.
telecherakl a rengulstubborn; obsessed; determined.
mechuached a rengulevil; mean; stubborn.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.156.47.142','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')