Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

klloaol, v.r.s.grabbed at and squeezed or kneaded; (taro patch) prepared.
See also:
klsous, v.r.s.(metal, wood, etc.) filed.
klsous a klsoks; mla meksous er a ksous.
See also:
kluld, v.r.s.pinched (with fingernails).
kluld a mla mekuld er a kuk; kmuld; ulsiu a kekul er a bedengel a chad.
See also:
nglubet, v.r.s.(clothes etc.) taken off; pulled out; freed; absolved.
nglubet a ngelbatel; mla mengubet; ultelechakl a nglubet er a rechorech.
See also:
telechelokl, v.r.s.moved or push up and away; cleared; blown up by wind.
telechelokl a blkais; mla metechelokl, mla metukouk; tucheleklii a chutem; tuchelokl a chesimer; techeleklel.
See also:
ulenganged, v.r.s.seduced; titillated; lowered by sliding.
ulenganged a mla monganged; ultorech el me er eou; chutem a ulenganged el mei er a rael; ngengedel
See also:
ulkebekabes, v.r.s.hanging or dangling continually.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

cheatel, v.a.s.(rope; wire; fishing line; etc.) is to be wound; (baby) is to be cuddled.
cheatel a kirel el mechaet; chemetii, chemaet a ekil, mengaet, chetel.
See also:
chertemall, v.a.s.is to have a sticky substance applied.
chertemall a kirel el mecheritem; chirtemii er a kar; chiritem, mengilt.
See also:
kbekball, v.a.s.(house) is to be walled.
kbekball a kirel el mekboub; mo er ngii a kboub.
See also:
kiukuall, v.a.s.is to be carried/cradled.
kiukuall a kirel el mekuoku; kiukuii a ngalek, menguoku er ngii, tolechoi a kiukuall, kiukuel.
See also:
olutall, v.a.s.is to be returned or sent back.
olutall a oluatel.
See also:
serechall, v.a.s.is to be cleansed/bathed in hot water.
serechall a serochel; kirel el mesarech, smarech a cheluib el mo toluk, serechel a cheluib.
See also:
tkekill, v.a.s.is to be propped up or supported.
tkekill a kirel el metkakl; melisakl er a blai; tukeklii, tukakl, tkeklel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
uesvision; sight; view.sekoesperceptive; sharp-minded; acute; sensitive; aware of one's responsibilities or surroundings; capable of looking at something thoroughly or seeing all the angles and possibilities.
burachedskin disease in which white spots spread over body.burachedskin disease in which white spots spread over body.
tebullswelling; earth mound.tebullbulging, hanging.
kerisgoiter.kerisgoiter.
kobesossea horse.kobesos (head) long, narrow or pointed.
bikodelhives or rash from allergies; allergic reaction affecting the skin.bikodelhives or rash from allergies; allergic reaction affecting the skin.
iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.iluodel(people) sitting, standing or arranged in a circle; (stone platform) built circular.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
olsebek er a rengulworry (unintentionally); startle.
kekere a renguluncomfortable; impatient.
ngellitel a rengulchoosy.
cheberdil a rengulobject of one's feelings/affections.
mellomes a rengulsmart; diligent.
olturk a rengulsatiate; make someone give up (from fatigue); get one's fill of; insult continuously or mercilessly; let someone really have it.
rengul a kerrekarcenter/core of tree.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','52.91.90.122','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')