Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blurech, v.r.s.speared.
blurech a berruchel; mla oburech, omurech, mrechii, murech, brechel.
See also:
delidech, v.r.s.blinded or dazzled by a strong light.
delidech a mla medidech; dichel a sils a mo er a medal, delidech a medal er a dichel a sils
See also:
kldibel, v.r.s.(persons) called together or assembled (typically for the purpose of a meeting or sermon).
kldibel a klideb; cheldull; chelludel.
See also:
selam, v.r.s.thrust at.
selam a mla mesam; somur, selam a chimal el omekdakd; omekiam.
See also:
telebtib, v.r.s.broken up into small pieces.
telebtib a mla metebtib; tibtib a kall; meruul el mo mekekerei; melebtib, tebtib, tbetbil.
See also:
ulchob, v.r.s.brought to surface of water.
See also:


Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

betachel a rengul, v.a.s.is to be pleased/satisfied/appeased; content.
See also:
chedechall, v.a.s.is to have glow cast upon it.
chedechall a kirel el obtanget el mo mengeldoech; toluk a chedechall, cheldoech, cheldechel.
See also:
cherematel, v.a.s.is to be washed or pumped out.
cherematel a kirel el mecherumet; mengatech, churemetii, churumet a ollumel, cheremetel.
See also:
chertemall, v.a.s.is to have a sticky substance applied.
chertemall a kirel el mecheritem; chirtemii er a kar; chiritem, mengilt.
See also:
kuekuall, v.a.s.is to be carried/cradled.
kuekuall a kirel el mekuoku; kiukuii a ngalek, kiuoku a babirengel, kiukuel.
See also:
ngidall, v.a.s.is to be lifted out of water.
See also:
ongkengkall, v.a.s.is to be pushed down or made fall; is to be torn down.
ongkengkall a kirel el mongkangk; ongkangk a mechut el blai el me er a chutem; ongkengkii a chutem el mei er rael; ongkengkel.
See also:


State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

chermallhibiscus (bark used as a rope; leaves used as mulch for taro).chermallhibiscus (bark used as a rope; leaves used as mulch for taro).
otangcheek.bekotangelhave fat cheeks.
cheballwhite-leafed taro (yautia); gray/white hair.cheballwhite-leafed taro (yautia); gray/white hair.
chetaubrief rain squall.chetau (skin) dark.
tangtikebikelsee-saw; teeter-totter.tangtikebikel(object) wobbly or in danger of falling over.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

ukab er a rengul(something sentimental) arouses one's emotions (touch someone's figurative heart).
mesmesim a rengulunstable; changing one's mind easily.
uldellomel a rengulresponsible; purposeful; mature.
ulserechakl a rengulcalm; unexcitable.
ralmetaoch a rengulinsensitive; not easily affected; easygoing; casual; prone to avoiding responsibility.
derengulalso, used a as friendly expression of envy.
melib er a renguldecide; make up one's mind.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')