Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

berruud, v.r.s.torn/pulled off.
berruud a mla oberuud; nglubet el cheroid, mla meruud a chesimer, berudel.
See also:
blatk, v.r.s.helped to carry object.
See also:
cheliuetokl, v.r.s.wrung out; twisted.
cheliuetokl a cheliud.
See also:
chelsemsum, v.r.s.(fingers) twisted on over the other.
chelsemsum a mla mechisemsum, mla choisemsum a chimal, chisemsemngel.
See also:
seluched, v.r.s.pulled at; pressed.
seluched a mla mesuched; suchedii a chimal; seluched me ng smecher, smuched, sechedel.
See also:
ulengesechekl, v.r.s.(pants, etc.) pulled up; moved up to particular position; praised; elevated.
ulengesechekl a ulengeriakl.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chelebodel, v.a.s.is to be hit or struck.
chelebodel a oleker a chelebed; kirel el mechelebed; cholebedii, cholebed, diak le chelbodel a chad; chelebedel.
See also:
chiuertall, v.a.s.is to be beaten (with stick, club, etc.).
chiuertall a chelebodel; kirel el mechiuert,mechelebed, choiuertii, mekull el diak le chiuertall a chad.
See also:
kedngiil, v.a.s.is to be tamed.
kedngiil a kirel el mekedmokl el mo kedung; kudngir a ngalek, kudung, rullii el mo kedung.
See also:
ngkuul, v.a.s.is to be transported or moved.
See also:
tetongel, v.a.s.is to be torn or shredded.
tetongel a tetengall.
See also:
uksecherall, v.a.s.is to be made sick.
uksecherall a kirel el muksecher; meksecherii; diak el uksecherall a chad me a charem le ng mekull.
See also:
usesuall, v.a.s.is to be obtain through barter or trade.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
chemadechcoconut sap.chemadech (plant) unripe or green; (food) raw or uncooked; be in full standing position when dancing; brand new.
chemaiongdragonfly.chemaiong prone to moving from one boyfriend or girlfriend to another.
burachedskin disease in which white spots spread over body.burachedhaving skin covered with white spots.
kemangetlength (of string, etc.) which exceeds what is needed or expected.kemangettall; long (in time or dimension).
kesaiinsufficient quantity.kesaiinsufficient; not enough; few.
chelechedsmall sea crab.chelechedambidextrous.
mudechvomit.bekemudechsmell of vomit.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
cheldeng a rengulconfused; surprised; stubborn; dull-witted; slow (in understanding).
ulsarech a rengul(emotions etc.) held in.
nguibes a renguldesirous of; lusting after.
melemalt a rengulfair; just; understanding; good-hearted.
beot a renguleasygoing; nonchalant; unmotivated; lazy.
klou a rengulpatient; confident.
ngemokel a renguldesirous off; lusting after.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.92.190.11','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')