Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blul, v.r.s.regulated; restricted.
blul a ngar ngii a bul, blul a er a uel a llach el diak le ngeiul a uel, blul a belochel el diak le beakl.
See also:
ileleb, v.r.s.overgrown (with foliage); flooded; under water; covered (with blanket, etc.).
ileleb a delekedek; mla meeleb; ralm iueleb a dait er a mesei; rael a ileleb er a ralm.
See also:
rrasm, v.r.s.sewn.
rrasm a mla merasm; bilel a rrasm a rrekui; rosmii, ruasm.
See also:
telebiall, v.r.s.gestured to with raised eyebrows.
telebiall a toberall; mla metebiall; tobiall a medal; menglou a medal.
See also:
telerruud, v.r.s.broken or torn or smashed down; scattered.
telerruud a telerrakl.
See also:
telubech, v.r.s.masturbated; circumcised.
telubech a mla metubech; nglubech.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chemachel, v.a.s.(betel nut) is to be chewed; (tobacco) is to be smoked.
chemachel a redil el ourrot er a blil el motobed er a ocheraolbai me a klomengelungel, oungerachel a udoud me a rokui el tekoi.
See also:
chiitel, v.a.s.is to be thrown away or abandoned.
See also:
redechall, v.a.s.is to be tried or aimed at blindly.
See also:
sekedall, v.a.s.is to be squeezed in or crowded out.
sekedall a kirel mo meseked; sokedii, Babeldaob a sekedall er a rechad er a Belau; smeked.
See also:
tematel, v.a.s.is to be straightened up.
tematel a smechekill; kirel el metamet; tometii a rengul; tuamet a chebirukel; temetel a cheldecheduch.
See also:
tuul, v.a.s.is to be heated or cooked lightly; is to be heated so as to become bendable; is to be rubbed or massaged.
See also:
uksoangel, v.a.s.is to be made used to or trained.
uksoangel a kirel el muksau; omeksau er ngii; meruul er ngii el mo smau, mo soal; omeksau, meksongii ngalek; ngalek a uksoangel er a urreor; uksongel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
bausmell; odor; scent.bekebausmell of vagina.
cherollbirth; birthday.ulemcheroll(woman) having already borne children.
chuisworm; maggot.bederechuis(starchy food) spoiled (by water); decomposing or moldy.
siktcluster/bunch of fruit.berikt(tree) productive or bearing much fruit.
mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.mechas
chemadechcoconut sap.chemadech (plant) unripe or green; (food) raw or uncooked; be in full standing position when dancing; brand new.
otangcheek.bekotangelhave fat cheeks.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
ungil er a rengulfine or all right with.
beralm a rengullazy; unmotivated; unconcerned; uncaring.
chelam a rengulheartbroken.
mederdirk a rengulfeel scorn for.
chelimimii a rengulsullen; obstinate; uncooperative.
orreked er a rengulrestrain or control (oneself) (esp., from showing anger).
mesubed a rengulaccept; be resigned to; learn a lesson; learn from experience.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.82.57.154','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')