Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blekerall, v.r.s.(arms, claws) raised or outstretched defensively.
blekerall a mla obekerall; mekerall a chimal, mekerellii, omekerall.
See also:
delsbai, v.r.s.spat out or at.
delsbai a mla medesbai; mla metub, telub, dusbir a ulaol, kesib a rengul a melsbai a klalo, desbil.
See also:
teluchakl, v.r.s.deflected.
See also:
telut, v.r.s.sucked on.
telut a mla metut; tolochoi a mla tmut el okngemed; tutur a tul.
See also:
ulekdechor, v.r.s.made to stand; built.
ulekdechor a mla mo dechor; mla mekedcherur; mla mekedchor a blai; okedcherul a blai.
See also:
ulengoid, v.r.s.(food) given or exchanged ceremonially; messed up; put in wrong place.
ulengoid a mla merael a betok el chim; mla mongoid a chutem; ulengoid el cheleuid a rolel; ulechoid; cheliseksikd kung; ongidii a chutem, ongoid a udoud, ongidel.
See also:
ulseked, v.r.s.squeezed in; crowded out.
ulseked a mla moseked; ngar a delongelel a eru el klalo el meseked; diak le medidai; ulseked er a delongelel a mlai; osekedel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chilotel, v.a.s.is to be oiled, greased or anointed.
See also:
ldaol, v.a.s.(woman) is to have sexual intercourse.
ldaol a ldall.
See also:
ochiuall, v.a.s.is to be put to sleep.
See also:
oechedall, v.a.s.is to be rushed against.
oechedall a kirel el moeached; omech; orreched; orechudel; oechedii, oechedall a dolech, oechedel.
See also:
ongesechekill, v.a.s.(pants, etc.) are to be pulled up; is to be moved up to particular position; is to be praised or elevated.
ongesechekill a kirel el mongesechekl; rredemelel a mo er a bab; ongesecheklii, ongesecheklel.
See also:
rechuul, v.a.s.is to be moved, readied or set in order.
rechuul a kirel el merech; udesuall, siokel a rolel, rochur a blil a melekdik a delengchokl; rechuul a delengcheklel.
See also:
sebochel, v.a.s.is to be tried on, adjusted or equalized.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
ngikelfish.bekengikelsmell of fish.
kobesossea horse.kobesossea horse.
bodechcurved configuration/shape of boat.obodechcurved; (person) having back curved towards rear.
cheballwhite-leafed taro (yautia); gray/white hair.cheballwhite-leafed taro (yautia); gray/white hair.
cheolubarnacles.cheolu covered with barnacles.
mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.
mbesaoldrool; spittle.mbesaol(person) drooling (a lot).

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
klsbengel a rengulanger.
omerteret a rengulfed up or exasperated with.
blekebek a rengulpleasant/nice (in personality); congenial.
bliochel a rengulsincere; open-minded.
ouralmesils a rengulweak-willed.
mengesib er a rengul get someone angry.
temetel a rengulpleasing of one's heart.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.156.47.142','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')