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Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelebtanget, v.r.s.skirted.
chelebtanget a bereked; chobtengetii, chelebtanget er a bechil, chebtengetel.
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chelidabel, v.r.s.hang onto with hands; hanging.
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cheltiut, v.r.s.(headwear) put on; inserted; impaled.
cheltiut a mla mechetiut; ultuu; ulsiseb, cheltiut a oecherel e omais er a ulaol.
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lluches, v.r.s.written; drawn.
lluches a mla meluches; llechukl, lmuches a cheldechedechal er a babier, luchesii, lechesel.
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selang, v.r.s.cut diagonally; held at angle.
selang a delebes el cherresokl; klengabel, delobech el diak le melemalt; bambuu a selang me ng kedorem; sengal.
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selius, v.r.s.(fathers side relative) having been sworn at or spoken obscenely towards.
selius a mla mesius; mechas a selius er a dengerenger; diak longull a melius; siuesii. sellesilek; llel a kerrekar a sellesilek; eolt a mla smodel a llel a kerrekar.
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ulekeroul, v.r.s.raised; cultivated.
ulekeroul a mla mukeroul; ungil a ulekerulel; ungil el ulekeroul a omekdubech er a ungil buai.
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Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bengall, v.a.s.is to be broken or cracked.
bengall a kirel el obeu; beongel, mengii, meu a lius, omeu a lius, bengel.
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ngbatel, v.a.s.(clothes; etc.) are to be taken off; is to be pulled out/freed/absolved.
ngbatel a kirel el mengubet; mekedoked a lechetel; ngubetii er a cheliseksikd; nguubet a okul; a ouak a ngbatel.
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orebetall, v.a.s.is to be dropped.
orebetall a kirel el morebet; orebet a mengur; orebetii, orebetel.
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sebochel, v.a.s.is to be tried on, adjusted or equalized.
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selokel, v.a.s.is to be washed.
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terudall, v.a.s.is to be broken, torn or smashed down; is to be taken apart.
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utechedall, v.a.s.(spearhead) is to have barbs made; is to be jerked or pulled.
utechedall a kirel el mutoched; locha techedel; mtoched a biskang, mtechedii a ongerekor; utechedel.
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State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
kikoisea clam.kikaolhaving a large vagina.
burekswelling.oburekget dyed or stained with color.
kelebusjail, prison.kelebusjail, prison.
uesvision; sight; view.sekoesperceptive; sharp-minded; acute; sensitive; aware of one's responsibilities or surroundings; capable of looking at something thoroughly or seeing all the angles and possibilities.
choalechsea urchin.choalechsea urchin.
diablongdevil.diablongterrible; awful; (person) evil.
chiukl(singing) voice.cheiukl(person) having a good singing voice.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
ngmasech a rengulget angry.
chelemekl a rengul(person) holding a grudge; (person) strong, stubborn, persistent, determined.
ngellitel a rengulchoosy.
oubuch a rengultreat person as if he or she were one's spouse.
nguibes a renguldesirous of; lusting after.
mengesib er a rengul get someone angry.
meleolt a rengul(person) carefree or nonchalant; (person) not easily disturbed or content to let things happen as they may.

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