Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

cheleliuis, v.r.s.(garden) provided with long, raised mounds for planting.
See also:
cheleseb, v.r.s.(taro tubers) cut.
cheleseb a mla mecheseb, chosebii, cheleseb el dait a ileakl er a kukau, mla medebes.
See also:
delolk, v.r.s.kicked; stomped.
delolk a mla medolk; selebek, sobekii, dolkii, melolk er ngii, delkel a mlai.
See also:
deluus, v.r.s.(long object) inserted into storage or hiding place; (thatching) sewn.
See also:
uldibsobs, v.r.s.filled to overflowing; poured out.
See also:
uluked, v.r.s.(fish) caught by casting net.
uluked a mla meuked; mekebud a uluked er a chelii.
See also:
urrael, v.r.s.cracked; fractured.
urrael a soal el obeu; obouch; belatong a urrael; sokol el obeu; urrolel a belatong.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

besiochel, v.a.s.is to be adorned/decorated.
besiochel a kired el omesiich er ngii; omesiich, mesichii er a bung, mesiich, besichel.
See also:
chelochall, v.a.s.is to be masturbated.
chelochall a sebechel el mechelooch; beras a chelochall.
See also:
desongel, v.a.s.is to be cut, sliced or slit (open).
desongel a kirel el mesekosek; dosengii, dmes a ngikel, meles, desengel.
See also:
ochidall, v.a.s.is to be messed up.
ochidall a kirel el mochoid, mochetekl, klalo er a skoki a ochidall el osiik a mekull er a llach el klalo.
See also:
ongengetall, v.a.s.is to be lowered or demoted; is to be held or kept back.
ongengetall a kirel el mo er eou; mo er a uriul; monganget, mesaik a ongengetall a ududel el mo rredemelel a urrereel; ongengetel.
See also:
orengesall, v.a.s.is to be heard or listened to.
orengesall a kirel el morenges a tekingel; merreder a beluu a orengesall; remenges a llach, el. orengesel a llach.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
ngulasthma.ngulasthmatic; suffering from a bout of asthma.
uidfruit that has fallen off the tree on its own.udallis to be glued or pasted.
tutkwart on sole of foot; disease of kebui leaves.tutk (kebui leaves) diseased.
uloechspear(?).uloechspear(?).
iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.
rirfallen leaves of kebui.merirthe color yellow.
bausmell; odor; scent.bekebau(cooked meat or fish, cooking pot, etc.) foul-smelling.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
temetel a rengulpleasing of one's heart.
diak lodengelii a rengul(person) unaware of his limitations or overestimates his abilities or overextends himself with committments.
melemed a rengulcool down one's anger.
olsarech er a rengulhold in or control emotions, anger etc.
omal er a rengulastonish; amaze; impress; cause admiration.
mekikiid a rengulunsympathetic; uncaring; uninvolved; emotionless.
melaok a renguladulterous; acquisitive.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.80.248.78','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')