Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blingel, v.r.s.(boat) stranded by low tide or run aground.
See also:
cheliuch, v.r.s.drilled; bored into.
cheliuch a blsibs; mla mechiuch; ngar er ngii a metetoech er ngii; chuichiar, chiuch a kboub, mengiuch.
See also:
kltmokl, v.r.s.straightened up; arranged; cleaned; prepared; ready.
See also:
kltukl, v.r.s.obvious, apparent, clear.
See also:
telkakl, v.r.s.propped up; supported; kneeling.
telkakl a delisakl; mla metkakl me ng mesisiich; tukeklii a blai, tukakl a chimal er a tebel; tkeklel.
See also:
ulchis, v.r.s.emptied.
See also:
ulengesechekl, v.r.s.(pants, etc.) pulled up; moved up to particular position; praised; elevated.
ulengesechekl a ulengeriakl.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

cheladel, v.a.s.easily consoled.
See also:
ngerodel, v.a.s.is to be hoisted.
See also:
olutall, v.a.s.is to be returned or sent back.
olutall a oluatel.
See also:
ongbesall, v.a.s.is to be tempted, teased or seduced.
ongbesall a kirel el mongibes; rebis a ongbesall er a klebokel el ngloik, mo sorir; nguibes er a ungil el dil, ongbesel.
See also:
ongesengesall, v.a.s.is to be obeyed.
ongesengesall a kirel el morenges, llach er a buai a ongesengesall.
See also:
otechall, v.a.s.is to be made to lean to side; is to be capsized.
See also:
ukbechesall, v.a.s.is to be renovated or repaired.
ukbechesall a ukbechesuul; kirel mukbeches; mekbechesur a mechut el skuul; mekbeches a llach, ukbechesul.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
bodechcurved configuration/shape of boat.obodechcurved; (person) having back curved towards rear.
chimhand; arm; front paws (of animal); help; assistance; manual labor; person sent to help.chimhand; arm; front paws (of animal); help; assistance; manual labor; person sent to help.
tebekbukrayfish.tebekbukrayfish.
besokelringworm.besokelringworm.
tutkwart on sole of foot; disease of kebui leaves.tutkpointer; pole (for picking fruit).
mechiechab hole.mechiechab hole.
chudelgrass.chudelgrass.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
telecherakl a rengulstubborn; obsessed; determined.
ultebechel a rengulhonest; mature and responsible.
betik a rengulhaving a deep feeling or affection for; love.
seitak a rengul(person is) very choosy; picky.
medengelii a rengulregain consciousness (after a faint or stroke); (person) self-confident or self-assured; (person) knowing his abilities or capacities.
meringel a rengulfeel bad about (something wasted); (something wasted) arouse sympathy; (something valuable) wasted.
Dirrengulbaititle of feminine counterpart or assistant to chief in Imeliik.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.91.121.255','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')