Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blodech, v.r.s.picked up with fingers.
blodech a mla obodech; nglai er a cheldengelel a chim, medechii, modech, bedechel.
See also:
blodes, v.r.s.(fish) boiled in water; (tongue) cut from eating pineapple, sugar cane, etc.
blodes a beldakl; medesii, modes, omeldakl, omodes, bedesel; blodes a terechel er a ngor; kltkat, blodes a ngerel er a ongor, bedesel.
See also:
bluut, v.r.s.piled/heaped up.
bluut a beluotel, cheldull, mla obuuta chutem, muut a besbas, koididai, butel.
See also:
chelebtanget, v.r.s.skirted.
chelebtanget a bereked; chobtengetii, chelebtanget er a bechil, chebtengetel.
See also:
kliai, v.r.s.raised just above surface (but not touching); levitating.
kliai a mla mekiai; mengellael; di telkib el cheroid er a chutem a ochil; kiei el kliai a ochil er a ulaol.
See also:
ulingatech, v.r.s.sat on and squashed; won; beaten.
ulingatech a mla moingatech; kall a ulingatech er a ulaol; ulteremed, ultorech; ngalek a oingetechii a beras; oingatech a odoim; oingetechel.
See also:
ulsaker, v.r.s.girded with loincloth; tied around.
ulsaker a mla musaker; ngar ngii a usekerel; ousaker, ulsekoll, rubak a ulsaker, msekerii, msaker, usekerel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chelekelekall, v.a.s.is to be rubbed (between hands).
See also:
chiikel, v.a.s.(leaves) are to be plucked or stripped off plant.
See also:
okidall, v.a.s.is to be consumed; is to be used or eaten up.
okidall a kirel el mokiid; okiid; mo diak; okidel.
See also:
sbechall, v.a.s.is to be broken open.
See also:
sudall, v.a.s.is to be erased; is to be dried or wiped off.
sudall a mesesusuud; ulechel a kim a sudall; suedii, smuud.
See also:
ukdebechall, v.a.s.(plant) is to be cultivated; (business, etc.) is to be established or started.
See also:
ukderebereball, v.a.s.is to be made to sit like a man.
ukderebereball a kirel mukderboreb; mekderberebii a chad er a blai e msa ngerachel; mekdereboreb a ochil; ukderberebel; reberebel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
kikoisea clam.kikaolhaving a large vagina.
silssun; day.bekesils(boys) smell sweaty or gamey (after perspiring in sun).
chetaubrief rain squall.chetaubrief rain squall.
iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.
dechudechdirt; mud; patching material; filling (for cavity).dechudechdirt; mud; patching material; filling (for cavity).
ngikelfish.bekengikelsmell of fish.
iudoraiburent-a-car; U-drive car.iudoraibu (woman) loose or fast.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
mellomes a rengulsmart; diligent.
orreked er a rengulrestrain or control (oneself) (esp., from showing anger).
bechedechudel a rengulirritable.
omtechei a rengulget back at; do to someone as he does to you.
mekeald a rengulfeel hot inside.
teloadel a rengulindecisive.
smiich a rengulfeel proud about (someone).

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.226.64.30','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')