Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blsebosech, v.r.s.continually contradicted/opposed.
See also:
chelades, v.r.s.paved with stones; (stones) piled up.
chelades a mla mechades; cheldukl.
See also:
cheldelekelek, v.r.s.blackened; (face) slapped.
See also:
cheleched, v.r.s.husked.
cheleched a chelechidel; lius el mla mecheched; chechedel.
See also:
rrutech, v.r.s.touched.
rrutech a mla merutech; loia chimal er ngii; rutechii, remutech.
See also:
selibech, v.r.s.(branches, etc.) broken off.
selibech a mla mesibech; iedel a selibech a rechelel, sibechii, suibech el mei er eou; sbechel
See also:
telebiall, v.r.s.gestured to with raised eyebrows.
telebiall a toberall; mla metebiall; tobiall a medal; menglou a medal.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chedelekelekall, v.a.s.is to be blackened.
See also:
dengmesall, v.a.s.is to be respected/honored.
See also:
dirkall, v.a.s.is to be looked at in a mirror.
See also:
ongeltall, v.a.s.is to be sunk (into soft ground).
ongeltall a olsiseb er a chelsel, kirel el mongelt, dait a ongeltall er a chutem, ongeltii.
See also:
otilall, v.a.s.is to be laid down.
otilall a kirel el motuil; otuil a tekoi er a merreder, otilel.
See also:
redechall, v.a.s.is to be tried or aimed at blindly.
See also:
ukdengchekill, v.a.s.is to be seated.
ukdengchekill a kirel el mukedengchokl; mo dengchokl; mekedengcheklii, omekedengchokl er ngii.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
cheisechpermanent stain.cheisechpermanent stain.
idokeldirtiness; filthiness.idokel dirty; filthy.
kikoisea clam.merikikoiwavy; bulging in places.
chullrain; rainy season.chullrainy.
chedeadjellyfish; nettle.chedeadjellyfish; nettle.
kurstwitching (nervous disorder) .kurstwitching (nervous disorder) .
otangcheek.bekotangelhave fat cheeks.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
diak lodengelii a rengul(person) unaware of his limitations or overestimates his abilities or overextends himself with committments.
melai er a rengulpersuade.
omak er a rengul(person) takes the edge off (his/her) hunger.
omatek er a rengul restrain ones desire to do something; keep ones desire(s) to oneself.
melemed a rengulcool down one's anger.
komeklii a rengul(person) controlling themselves; (person) holding their tongue.
klsbengel a rengulanger.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.80.185.137','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')