Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blosech, v.r.s.broken open; postponed; contradicted; opposed; strange; unusual.
blosech a mla meterob, omosech, mesechii a urreor, mosech, besechel a urreor.
See also:
blsuchel, v.r.s.(feathers, hair, etc.) plucked.
See also:
chelloil, v.r.s.completed; pursued to end.
See also:
seluk, v.r.s.put, packed or stuffed into.
seluk a ultuu er a chelsel; mla mesuk; smuk a udoud, kluk, kukau a seluk er a sualo; sukur, smuk, skul.
See also:
ulecheoch, v.r.s.asked for persistently.
ulecheoch a mla mocheoch; mla mesisiich el ongtir; mla mechechii a klok er ngak; ochechel a klok.
See also:
ulengasech, v.r.s.raised; sued; ascended.
ulengasech a mla mongasech; ongesechii a bilas; kloi; ongasech a banderang; ongesechel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bemkall, v.a.s.is to be pumped.
bemkall a kirel el obomk; bemkall a ralm, memkii, momk a cheluch.
See also:
chisisall, v.a.s.are to be piled up one on top of the other.
chisisall a meleket; kirel el mechisois; choisisii, choisois a babier, mengisois er a blil, chisisel a blai.
See also:
debdeball, v.a.s.is to be made into a drink of coconut meat and juice.
See also:
oremoll, v.a.s.is to be urged or forced.
See also:
riomel, v.a.s.is to be collected or gathered and transported.
riomel a kirel el meriim; kloleklel a riomel, riemii, reuiim; ngmai el rokui el otobed; riemel.
See also:
tebidall, v.a.s.(lantern, etc.) is to be turned on.
See also:
tkekill, v.a.s.is to be propped up or supported.
tkekill a kirel el metkakl; melisakl er a blai; tukeklii, tukakl., tkeklel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
rechorechstealing; theft; robbery; selfishness.delibuksurechorech(knot) tied securely so as not be loosened.
semumtrochus.semumtrochus.
bangikoibutterfly; moth.bangikoiprone to moving from one girlfriend/boyfriend to another.
tutkwart on sole of foot; disease of kebui leaves.tutk (kebui leaves) diseased.
chadliver.chedengaolsick with jaundice.
tebullswelling; earth mound.tebullbulging, hanging.
dechuswart; mole.dechusplant in nettle family.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
blak a rengulhard-working; diligent; eager; attentive; interested in; intent upon; decided on; in favor of.
meduch a rengulhard-working; conscientious; strong-willed; persevering.
telirem a rengulfeelings hurt.
ngar er a bab a rengulconceited; disrespectful; proud; arrogant; haughty; snobbish.
melekoi a renguldetermined; well-motivated; make rasping or humming sound in the lungs; make humming moise while sleeping; (cat) purr.
olengasech er a rengulmake or get (someone) angry.
mengerar er a rengul criticise; insult; put down; make someone feel ashamed; hurt someone's feelings.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.162.164.247','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')