Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blelekl, v.r.s.repeated; revived.
blelekl a mla obelekl; meleklii, dulii e lmuut e lmuut; blelekl a cheldechedechal.
See also:
cheliil, v.r.s.waited for; expected.
See also:
chellooch, v.r.s.masturbated.
chellooch a mla mechelooch; mengelooch a odoim le ng diak ongraol, chelochel.
See also:
chelsureor, v.r.s.cooked with coconut syrup.
chelsureor a mla mechesureor; chosureor a miich er a ilaot, mengesureor.
See also:
cheltitk, v.r.s.(eye) pierced.
cheltitk a chititk, smecher a medal.
See also:
telirem, v.r.s.hit against; (pot, dish etc.) chipped.
telirem a telkib el telemall; telkib el mekngit; tiremii a medal; teremel a reng.
See also:
uldasu, v.r.s.thought about; taken into consideration.
uldasu a omdasu, omelebedebek; urrereel a rael a ngar a uldasu; udesuel a beches el skuul.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bebael, v.a.s.to be formed, shaped, created, or spanked.
bebael a kirel el obeob, meob a kukau el mo medemedemek, bebel.
See also:
berkall, v.a.s.is to be spread or stretched out or propagated.
See also:
bridall, v.a.s.is to be scattered, spread, sown or dismantled.
See also:
chesuall, v.a.s.(food) is to be stirred so as not to stick to pan.
See also:
dkoel, v.a.s.is to be supported or propped up.
dkoel a kirel el medik; dikir, kmedii, klok a dkoel er a tebel.
See also:
sekesekoall, v.a.s.is to be crawled or crept over.
sekesekoall a kirel el mesekesako; melekesako er ngii; kongesachel el rael a sekesekoall.
See also:
udall, v.a.s.is to be glued or pasted.
udall a kirel el obuid, meuid; mo er ngii a uuid; babier a udall; mudii a babier; muid, udel
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
chetbaelelephantiasis.chetbael swollen from elephantiasis.
tangtikebikelsee-saw; teeter-totter.tangtikebikel(object) wobbly or in danger of falling over.
rechorechstealing; theft; robbery; selfishness.sekerechorechprone to stealing.
iitmiss; failure.iitmiss; failure.
builmoon; month.buil moon-shaped.
ngulasthma.ngulasthmatic; suffering from a bout of asthma.
bidokelhives.bidokel broken out in hives.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
tngeklel a rengulpeace offering for someone.
blekebek a rengulpleasant/nice (in personality); congenial.
telecherakl a rengulstubborn; obsessed; determined.
chelimimuul a rengulchelimimii a rengul
keremerem a rengulstupid; ignorant.
melemalt a rengulfair; just; understanding; good-hearted.
melemed a rengulcool down one's anger.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.221.73.186','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')