Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelsimer, v.r.s.closed; confined; locked in (e.g., as punishment).
chelsimer a telengetongel, diak le belkais, diak le nglai a chesmerel; blutek, mla mechesimer; chosmerii er a kelebus, chesmerel.
See also:
ulchib, v.r.s.deflected; avoided; (teeth of saw) restored.
See also:
uldid, v.r.s.bridged.
uldid a mla mudid; ngar er ngii a did er ngii el omoachel; didil.
See also:
ulekdirt, v.r.s.dried out.
ulekdirt a ungil el medirt; mla mukdirt; diak el dekimes; ukdertel
See also:
ulngebeet, v.r.s.pushed under water; (wick of lamp) turned down.
See also:
ulskosk, v.r.s.pushed vigorously.
ulskosk a mla moskosk; mla modubech; uldubech el mong; oskeskii, olskosk er ngii, oskeskel.
See also:
ultak, v.r.s.carried aboard; transported in vehicle.
ultak a ultekiall; mla motak; kldoel er bebul; medechel er a bab, otak a babier, ultak er a mlai, otekil.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bsechall, v.a.s.(feathers, hair, etc.) is to be plucked.
bsechall a bsuchel, kirel el obusech, ngeuul a bsechel, msechii a malk; musech
See also:
dengerechall, v.a.s.is to be laid down face up.
See also:
keltall, v.a.s.is to be cooled.
See also:
kingall, v.a.s.is to be sat upon.
See also:
ngodechel, v.a.s.is to be changed.
See also:
techekill, v.a.s.is to be inserted (and held firmly).
techekill a kirel el metichekl; ticheklii, melichekl er ngii, ko er a delibuk; ticheklel a chui.
See also:
techetechetall, v.a.s.is to be distracted.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
ngelloklnodding; dozing (off).olengelloklslow-moving; sluggish.
lottapeworm.lottapeworm.
bausmell; odor; scent.bekebau(cooked meat or fish, cooking pot, etc.) foul-smelling.
butgenitals; anus; vagina; bottom (surface).bekebut(woman) having large buttocks or vagina; (man) having large buttocks.
chelsebengoshandsomeness.chesbengoshandsome; beautiful.
tutaumorning; this morning.tutaumorning; this morning.
klukuktomorrow; the next or following day.klukuk be tomorrow; be the next or following day.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
smecher a rengulhomesick.
melib er a renguldecide; make up one's mind.
melamet er a renguldo things as one pleases.
omichoech a rengul(stomach) grumble, talk or gurgle (especially from hunger); (person) feel excited.
blak a rengulhard-working; diligent; eager; attentive; interested in; intent upon; decided on; in favor of.
mereng er a rengulplease; go along with (so as not to hurt feelings).
rrou a rengulsuddenly confused or perplexed.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.196.91.84','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')