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Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blsebosech, v.r.s.continually contradicted/opposed.
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chellim, v.r.s.accompanied; escorted.
nglubet, v.r.s.(clothes etc.) taken off; pulled out; freed; absolved.
nglubet a ngelbatel; mla mengubet; ultelechakl a nglubet er a rechorech.
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telabd, v.r.s.skinned; scraped
telabd a telebudel; mla metabd; nglai budel; telabd el malk.
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uldibsobs, v.r.s.filled to overflowing; poured out.
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ulengill, v.r.s.knocked down or off.
ulengill a mla mongill; ulengill el orebet; olengill, ongill a iedel.
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Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

besebesechall, v.a.s.is to be continually contradicted/opposed.
besebesechall a kirel el obosech; mesechii, torebengii, omesebosech er ngii.
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besechall, v.a.s.is to be broken open, postponed, contradicted or opposed.
besechall a besebesechall. besechall a kirel el obasech; mo er a basech er a urreor, mo er a ochur, mesechii, besechel.
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chesuall, v.a.s.(food) is to be stirred so as not to stick to pan.
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debetall, v.a.s.is to be asked to pay for non-participation in work.
debetall a kirel el medbaet; mengai a delbaet er ngii, dibetii a diak lengar a urreor el beluu, melbaet er ngii, dibetel.
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isechemall, v.a.s.is to be held or grasped firmly.
isechemall a kirel el musechem; orekedii e kiresii; diak el isechemall a udoud me a chutem.
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sekedall, v.a.s.is to be squeezed in or crowded out.
sekedall a kirel mo meseked; sokedii, Babeldaob a sekedall er a rechad er a Belau; smeked.
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ukderebereball, v.a.s.is to be made to sit like a man.
ukderebereball a kirel mukderboreb; mekderberebii a chad er a blai e msa ngerachel; mekdereboreb a ochil; ukderberebel; reberebel.
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State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
cheballwhite-leafed taro (yautia); gray/white hair.cheballwhite-leafed taro (yautia); gray/white hair.
mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.mechashaving the qualities of an old woman.
ngelloklnodding; dozing (off).olengelloklslow-moving; sluggish.
tebullswelling; earth mound.tebullswelling; earth mound.
kikoisea clam.kikaolhaving a large vagina.
idokeldirtiness; filthiness.idokeldirtiness; filthiness.
siktcluster/bunch of fruit.berikt(tree) productive or bearing much fruit.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
ukab er a rengul(something sentimental) arouses one's emotions (touch someone's figurative heart).
delbeseaol a rengulaimless; idle; foolish.
omak er a rengul(person) takes the edge off (his/her) hunger.
kesib a rengulangry.
mimokl a rengulbroad-minded.
mengaidesachel a rengulcompetitive.
blotech a rengulpleased; satisfied; appeased.

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