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Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelad, v.r.s.(ear) slapped.
chelad a oumechad er ngii; diak el soal remenges, mla chemad a dingal.
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cheledaol, v.r.s.blessed; sanctified.
cheledaol a chedaol; meang, mla mechedaol; cheledolel.
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chelidabel, v.r.s.hang onto with hands; hanging.
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cherrad, v.r.s.crumbled; crushed; messed up; covered with sores; unhealed; rampant.
cherrad a mla mecherad; chordengii chorad a kall; medeel er a rechad; a cherrad el kall.
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delanges, v.r.s.looked up at.
delanges a mla medanges; moues er a bab; dongesii a buuch, dmanges a kebui; melanges, dengesel.
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deloes, v.r.s.(log) having had top chipped off.
deloes a mla medoes; uchelel a omelasech a meloes er ngii; mo kmeed er a omekord er ngii; teletelel a omelasech el mlai.
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klsamd, v.r.s.(fish) choked.
klsamd a mla mekesamd; nglai a kesemdel.
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Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chelebodel, v.a.s.is to be hit or struck.
chelebodel a oleker a chelebed; kirel el mechelebed; cholebedii, cholebed, diak le chelbodel a chad; chelebedel.
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debedebokel, v.a.s.is to be thought about or remembered.
debedebokel a kirel el mudasu, kirel el medebedebek a meldung el tekoi; dobedebekii, dobedebek a urreor el kirel a klengeasek.
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odeleball, v.a.s.is to be dipped into water.
odeleball a morsors er a daob; kirel moduleb; odelebii; olduleb er a daob, odelebel.
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odirekerekall, v.a.s.is to be overdone.
odirekerekall a kirel el mo direkorek; oldirekorek; oisur; betok; mo medeel, cheleberochel a uldirekorek el kall.
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rsimel, v.a.s.is to be sewn.
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udelmall, v.a.s.(weapon) is to be aimed; is to be focused on or at.
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utetkall, v.a.s.(plant) is to be supported by stick put into ground; (site of house, etc.) is to be marked with sticks and strings.
utetkall a kirel el mututk; locha ututk; mtetkii a rael, mtutk, utetkel.
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State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.
mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.mechasget blackened with soot or ink; (pot) get burned or discolored.
beraomfish kept until slightly spoiled and then wrapped and barbequed.beraom (fish) slightly spoiled.
chaziflavor, taste.chazitasty.
cheremrumtype of sea cucumber; trepang.bekecheremrumsmell of sea cucumber.
tebekbukrayfish.tebekbukrayfish.
chermallhibiscus (bark used as a rope; leaves used as mulch for taro).chermall having vagina which lubricates quickly.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
ulserechakl a rengulcalm; unexcitable.
mengaidesachel a rengulcompetitive.
bltkil a rengulone's affection/concern for.
omud a rengulfed up with; exasperated; can't stand.
oltamet er a rengulpull at someone's heartstrings; mean a lot to someone.
olsarech er a rengulhold in or control emotions, anger etc.
belalk a rengulfeel shame/fright.

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