Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blekall, v.r.s.driven; sailed; (person) driven by desire to wander or spend time away from home.
blekall a mla obekall; mekellii a mlai, rengeasek a blekall er a ungil klebesei.
See also:
blisekl, v.r.s.permitted to do something, but grudgingly.
blisekl a blid, omisekl e meruul a diak el soal, bliseklel.
See also:
bluu, v.r.s.(round object) broken, smashed or shuttered; (bomb) exploded; blistered.
See also:
delbochel, v.r.s.invented; introduced; composed; (blade of tool) chipped.
delbochel a delibech; beches el merruul; ngloik a le kemeldiil a delbochel.
See also:
iluchet, v.r.s.unhooked.
iluchet a mla meiuchet, nglai er a techerakl, meluchet er ngii.
See also:
selius, v.r.s.(fathers side relative) having been sworn at or spoken obscenely towards.
selius a mla mesius; mechas a selius er a dengerenger; diak longull a melius; siuesii. sellesilek; llel a kerrekar a sellesilek; eolt a mla smodel a llel a kerrekar.
See also:
ultuil, v.r.s.laid down; lying down; dependent on.
ultuil a mla motuiil; otilii a bdelul er a tebel e olengull; ulsirs; otilel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bsebsall, v.a.s.is to be drilled; (ear) is to be pierced.
bsebsall a kirel el obsibs, lingir, msebsii a kerrekar, bsebsel a ding.
See also:
chebingel, v.a.s.(fruit) is to be picked or plucked.
chebingel a kirel el mechib; chibngii,chuib, meradel a chebingel, chebngel.
See also:
cheromel, v.a.s.is to be tasted.
cheromel a dellomel el soal a charem el mengang, chemutii a cheromel
See also:
kloaol, v.a.s.is to be grabbed at and squeezed or kneaded; (taro patch) is to be prepared.
See also:
ngerodel, v.a.s.is to be hoisted.
See also:
oderukill, v.a.s.is to be sent.
oderukill a kirel el modurokl; odureklii a kall, odurokl a udoud; odureklel.
See also:
tibengedaol, v.a.s.(female) is to have sexual intercourse from rear.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
besbastrash; rubbish; litter; debris.mekesbesiil
ngulasthma.kesengliilasthmatic (permanent condition).
bidokelhives.bidokel broken out in hives.
bausmell; odor; scent.bekebausmell of vagina.
cheluchcoconut oil; fuel (e.g. gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil, etc.); grease (from meat being cooked).bekecheluchsmell of coconut oil.
olechutellarge bamboo raftolechutel(boat, person) slow-moving
meduumale genitals (large).meduubreadfruit.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
ungil a rengulhappy; glad; kind.
ngmasech a rengulget angry.
olsarech er a rengulhold in or control emotions, anger etc.
bedis a rengulinconsiderate.
luut er a rengulanything causing one to lose one's resolve.
ngodech er a rengulfind something strange, different or suspicious.
mesbeda a rengul(person) come to realize or accept (fact, etc.).

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.81.254.212','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')