Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

bldobed, v.r.s.taken or torn off.
bldobed a nglai, nglubet, medobed, bldobed a bilel, medbedii, bedebedel.
See also:
delngisech, v.r.s.(underbelly of crab) opened.
delngisech a mla medngisech; blok, dingesechii a chemang, melngisech a rekung, dngesechel.
See also:
klikai, v.r.s.(distance or course) swum.
klikai a mla mekikai; klikai a meteu el toachel; koikai, kikiul a cheroid.
See also:
lloched, v.r.s.(string, cord, wire, etc. or relationship between villages) broken.
lloched a llechidel. Telemall el deleuill era beluu ma beluu.
See also:
telngoech, v.r.s.(taro etc.) scraped.
telngoech a mla metngoech; mla medort; tingoech a kukau; meingoech. Klort (tekoi el mo er a kukau).
See also:
ulat, v.r.s.put over fire; put; placed; pounded into ground.
ulat a loiang; olekang a ulat er a ingukl; ulat a btil a ungil el dengchokl; otil a olekang.
See also:
ulchiib, v.r.s.lifted up; revealed.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chemechemall, v.a.s.is to be urinated on.
See also:
isechemall, v.a.s.is to be held or grasped firmly.
isechemall a kirel el musechem; orekedii e kiresii; diak el isechemall a udoud me a chutem.
See also:
ochuill, v.a.s.(someone's glance or attention) is to be attracted; is to be called out to.
See also:
odekiaol, v.a.s.are to be added together, unified or joined.
odekiaol a kirel el modak; oldak, uldak, odekiar, odak a kakerous el uldasu; reng a odekiaol, diak lodekial el chad.
See also:
oremoll, v.a.s.is to be urged or forced.
See also:
otongall, v.a.s.is to be included.
otongall a kirel el motoi; oltoi, oldak, blengur a otongall a ongraol me a kliou me a rodech me a iasai er ngii; otongel.
See also:
suobel, v.a.s.is to be studied, learned or imitated.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.mechashaving the qualities of an old woman.
telengtungdwild tamarind; lead tree.telengtungdwild tamarind; lead tree.
chermallhibiscus (bark used as a rope; leaves used as mulch for taro).chermallPalauan money in form of green or blue glass beads.
mbesaoldrool; spittle.mbesaoldrool; spittle.
chellingsclearness; transparency; purity; pristine condition.mechellings(liquid, glass, etc.) clear or transparent.
temamuuimaginary ghost with ugly face.temamuuimaginary ghost with ugly face.
kemimstarfruit.mekemimsour; acidic; spoiled (from having turned sour).

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
chelimimuul a rengulchelimimii a rengul
mereng er a rengulplease; go along with (so as not to hurt feelings).
oba a rengulindependent; self-willed.
ultebechel a rengulhonest; mature and responsible.
omatek er a rengul restrain ones desire to do something; keep ones desire(s) to oneself.
kie a rengul calm down; stop worrying.
moded a rengul(person is) easygoing/even-tempered.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.243.17.113','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')