Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

cheltachet, v.r.s.touched impurely.
See also:
delngisech, v.r.s.(underbelly of crab) opened.
delngisech a mla medngisech; blok, dingesechii a chemang, melngisech a rekung, dngesechel.
See also:
kloi, v.r.s.(boat) placed on supports.
kloi a mla mekoi; kloi a bos; ng mla ngmasech er a meched; ngar er a koi, kmongii, kmoi, kongel.
See also:
selang, v.r.s.cut diagonally; held at angle.
selang a delebes el cherresokl; klengabel, delobech el diak le melemalt; bambuu a selang me ng kedorem; sengal.
See also:
terrekakl, v.r.s.abused; not taken care of; carelessness.
terrekakl a diak el ulekedmokl; terrekakl el ngalek a diak le cheleoch; meterekakl er ngii; terrekeklel.
See also:
ulekang, v.r.s.fed; made to eat.
ulekang a mla mokang; mla omengur; smecher a ulekang; mekelii, omekang er tir; okelel.
See also:
ulengill, v.r.s.knocked down or off.
ulengill a mla mongill; ulengill el orebet; olengill, ongill a iedel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

bedkall, v.a.s.is to be trapped or ensnared.
bedkall a kirel el obedikl; medeklii a malk, medikl a beab, bedeklel.
See also:
chebsuul, v.a.s.is to be spun.
See also:
chesechaol, v.a.s.are to be threaded/strung; always wandering from house to house.
chesechaol a chad el soal el mengesuch; merael a blai, di omais el diak el ultebechel.
See also:
okesiaol, v.a.s.is to be compared, copied, imitated, made the same, evened out, or mixed through; is to be matched (by other half or part).
okesiaol a kirel el mokesiu; mekesiur, mekesiu, okesiul; mo osisiu.
See also:
ongesechall, v.a.s.is to be raised, sued or ascended.
ongesechall a kirel el mongasech el mo er a bab; ongesechii, ongesechel a tax; ongesechall a kirel el mongasech ongesechii a olterau a ice, ongesechel er a kort.
See also:
otekengall, v.a.s.is to be opposed or gone against.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
bangchbite.sekebangch(animal, person) prone to biting.
kemangetlength (of string, etc.) which exceeds what is needed or expected.kemangettall; long (in time or dimension).
kamangsickle.kamangtwisted, crippled.
singodor of sperm.besingsmell of sperm; smell unclean (esp., used in insults referring to women).
tebekbukrayfish.tebekbukrayfish.
kelmolmaction of tickling (lightly).mekelmolmticklish; tingling; sensitive.
bobaipapaya tree (including fruit).bobaipapaya tree (including fruit).

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
mellomes a rengulsmart; diligent.
merusech a rengulrepentant.
omerteret a rengulfed up or exasperated with.
oubuch a rengultreat person as if he or she were one's spouse.
menglou er a rengultry to make (someone, oneself) patient; assure; take edge of one's hunger.
suebek a rengulworried; anxious.
merat a renguldeeply disappointed or hurt.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.198.205.153','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')