Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

bliich, v.r.s.sifted; filtered.
bliich a blibiich.
See also:
chelamech, v.r.s.(betel nut) chewed; (tobacco) smoked.
chelamech a mla mechamech; chomechii, chuamech a buuch, chemelel a chelamech meng dikeang.
See also:
rrederd, v.r.s.stepped on; (bicycle) peddled.
rrederd a mla merderd; selarech, dellomel a rrederd er a mlai; roderd, rderdel a dellomel.
See also:
ulechar, v.r.s.filled with liquid.
ulechar a mla mochar; ulekeek; ollumel a ulechar er a ralm; mecherur a butiliang.
See also:
ulsirs, v.r.s.(money) pawned or pledged; leaned against.
ulsirs a mla mosirs; mla osisii, osirs a chutem; chetemek a ulsirs er a bank; ulsisel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chebill, v.a.s.to be carried under the arm.
chebill a kiukuall; kirel el mechabl; choblii a ngalek; chuabl, a ngalek a chebill; cheblel.
See also:
chechall, v.a.s.(ingredients for betel nut chewing) are to be supplemented with tobacco.
See also:
chesmerall, v.a.s.is to be closed, confined or locked in (e.g. as punishment).
See also:
orretall, v.a.s.is to be made to run.
orretall a kirel el morurt; skuul er a kldachelbai a orretall, orretii el mo ungil, orurt a osisechakl er a usaso, orretel.
See also:
tebidall, v.a.s.(lantern, etc.) is to be turned on.
See also:
udall, v.a.s.(fishnet) is to be pulled in.
See also:
ukall, v.a.s.is to be cut or pushed down.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
cheisechpermanent stain.cheisechstained (permanently from betel nut juice; banana juice; etc.).
kemangetlength (of string, etc.) which exceeds what is needed or expected.kemangettall; long (in time or dimension).
chemanglarge sea or mangrove crab; Samoan crab.bekechemangsmell of crabs (after cooking or eating crabs).
mbesaoldrool; spittle.mbesaol(person) drooling (a lot).
kamangsickle.kamangtwisted, crippled.
chemarsleak (in something like a boat or a bucket).chemars(boat, bucket, etc.) leaky; leaking.
rirfallen leaves of kebui.merir(leaves) yellow.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
tuobed a rengulone's real feelings come out.
mengas er a rengulastonished; surprised.
mesisiich a rengulstrong-willed; motivated; determined; hard-working.
ngelekel a rengulfavorite child.
medengelii a rengulregain consciousness (after a faint or stroke); (person) self-confident or self-assured; (person) knowing his abilities or capacities.
ochemchuml a rengulseething inside with anger or hate.
tmuu er a rengul(something) occurs to (person)/enters (person's) mind.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.156.47.142','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')