Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelebingel, v.r.s.(fruit) picked or plucked.
chelebingel a nglai; mla mechib, chibngii, chuib a buuch, mengib, chebngel
See also:
klekas, v.r.s.scratched (because itchy).
klekas a mla mekekas; kukesur, mengkas a ochil el mekekad, kokas, kekesul a ouach.
See also:
telngot, v.r.s.(food) obtained, sought or foraged on.
telngot a seliik; mla metngot; melngot a odoim; tngetngel.
See also:
ulcholo, v.r.s.(fish) scaled.
See also:
ulsaso, v.r.s.obtained through barter or trade.
ulsaso a mla musaso; mla koreker; msesouii a delengcheklel, msaso a udoud; ulsaso a kelel; usesouel.
See also:
ulsiu, v.r.s.(drawer, suitcase, etc.) closed; (clothes) have seam sewn; (fire) fed; (people) incited to fight.
ulsiu a ulsikm; blutek; mla mosiu; ulsiu a berdel a ngerel.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

beleball, v.a.s.is to be wound around with rope, cord, tape, etc..
beleball a kirel el obelebel; omelebel er ngii, melebelii a mesil, belebelel.
See also:
cherirall, v.a.s.is to be caught up with; (hair, etc.) is to be cut to same length.
See also:
dkoel, v.a.s.is to be supported or propped up.
dkoel a kirel el medik; dikir, kmedii, klok a dkoel er a tebel.
See also:
odiaol, v.a.s.is to be shouted or yelled to.
odiaol a kirel el modiu; oldiu, olecholt; ouchais; odiu a belduchel; odiul a udoud.
See also:
odikall, v.a.s.is to be banished, exiled or sent away.
odikall a kirel el modik; odikii; tuobed er a delengchokl; odik, odkikel.
See also:
orretall, v.a.s.is to be made to run.
orretall a kirel el morurt; skuul er a kldachelbai a orretall, orretii el mo ungil, orurt a osisechakl er a usaso, orretel.
See also:
uksebekall, v.a.s.is to be made to fly.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
bausmell; odor; scent.bekebau(cooked meat or fish, cooking pot, etc.) foul-smelling.
chaseborash.chasebohaving rash or prickly heat.
bengtpurple colored sweet potato.bengtpurple colored sweet potato.
mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.mechashaving the qualities of an old woman.
martilionghammer.martilionghammer.
diulareng(someone's) happiness/joy.dmeuhappy; glad; joyful; appreciative.
chaisnews.merael a chiselwell-known; famous; infamous; (person) popular. (news) spreading quickly.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
rrou a rengulsuddenly confused or perplexed.
cheldeng a rengulconfused; surprised; stubborn; dull-witted; slow (in understanding).
merat a renguldeeply disappointed or hurt.
mengerar er a rengul criticise; insult; put down; make someone feel ashamed; hurt someone's feelings.
ngoaol a rengulconfronted with and perplexed by large task or responsibility.
nguibes a renguldesirous of; lusting after.
mekngit a rengulfeel sorry/sad about; mean; inconsiderate.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.158.52.166','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')