Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

blurek, v.r.s.dyed; colored.
blurek a berrukel; mla oburek, burek, mrekii, murek a such, brekel.
See also:
chelamech, v.r.s.(betel nut) chewed; (tobacco) smoked.
chelamech a mla mechamech; chomechii, chuamech a buuch, chemelel a chelamech meng dikeang.
See also:
chelduib, v.r.s.carved; whittled; seduced by flattery.
chelduib a mla obekord; mla mecheduib; chodibii, choduib, mengeduib a ordomel; chedibel.
See also:
chelmekl, v.r.s.(person) stubborn, persistent, determined, etc.
chelmekl a mla mechemekl a rengul; mengemekl, chomeklii, mesisiich el oltaut a loumerang.
See also:
kles, v.r.s.(coconut or taro) grated or scraped.
kles a mla mekes; lius a kles; menges, kosir, kmes a lius, kesil.
See also:
seluk, v.r.s.put, packed or stuffed into.
seluk a ultuu er a chelsel; mla mesuk; smuk a udoud, kluk, kukau a seluk er a sualo; sukur, smuk, skul.
See also:
ulchelucheb, v.r.s.(cooking food) covered with leaf, bag, etc.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

cheremekill, v.a.s.is to be looked for.
cheremekill a kirel el mecheremakl; kirel el moues; choremeklii, mengeremakl, choremakl a bub; chermeklel.
See also:
dechall, v.a.s.is to be dipped or dunked.
See also:
dekedokel, v.a.s.is to be covered.
dekedokel a kirel el medekedek; kelel a meteet a dekedokel, dokedekii er a keai, dokedek.
See also:
kilungall, v.a.s.is to be enlarged or increased in size.
kilungall a kirel el mo klou; osarech a rengmiu; menglou, mo kiei a rengmiu; rengud a rechad a kilungall, kilungii a rengum, mo diak el sebek a rengum; kilungel a reng.
See also:
lechengaol, v.a.s.is to be put/taken.
lechengaol a kirel el modars; kles a lechengaol er a bai; loiang, lochang.
See also:
tetkall, v.a.s.is to be pointed at or appointed.
tetkall a kirel el metutk; tutkii a bobai; tmutk a mengur; tetkel.
See also:
toadel, v.a.s.(sardines) are to be caught between prongs of a spear.
taodel a kirel el metaod; tmaod a mekebud, tmodii a kall, melaod, todel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
chedechuulknack/magical power for doing things; blueprint; plan (for house, bai, etc).chedechuulknack/magical power for doing things; blueprint; plan (for house, bai, etc).
beraomfish kept until slightly spoiled and then wrapped and barbequed.beraomfish kept until slightly spoiled and then wrapped and barbequed.
siktcluster/bunch of fruit.mesiktbe in a cluster (used only in mesikt el btuch).
kemangetlength (of string, etc.) which exceeds what is needed or expected.kemangettall; long (in time or dimension).
mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.mechascoconut at later stage (between medecheduch and metau) when shell blackens and husk turns yellowish brown.
uidfruit that has fallen off the tree on its own.udallis to be glued or pasted.
hambunghalf.hambunghalf-witted; simple-minded.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
klou a rengulpatient; confident.
melaok a renguladulterous; acquisitive.
ngelem a rengulsmart; clever; having a retentive memory.
ukab er a rengul(something sentimental) arouses one's emotions (touch someone's figurative heart).
melemed a rengulcool down one's anger.
ngoaol a rengulconfronted with and perplexed by large task or responsibility.
temetel a rengulpleasing of one's heart.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.196.201.241','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')