Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelsuch, v.r.s.threaded; strung.
chelsuch a mla mechesuch; chusechar, chusuch a ngikel, mengesuch, chesechal.
See also:
delechors, v.r.s.(penis) made erect; stimulated.
delechors a dechors.
See also:
derredirk, v.r.s.looked scornfully at.
See also:
kluld, v.r.s.pinched (with fingernails).
kluld a mla mekuld er a kuk; kmuld; ulsiu a kekul er a bedengel a chad.
See also:
rrusech, v.r.s.(food, betel nut, medicine) pounded; punched.
rrusech a mla merusech; remusech a kukau el mo belsiich; rusechii, rsechel; cherrad.
See also:
seluch, v.r.s.jerked; pulled strongly at.
seluch a mla mesuch; meleng; $100.00 a seluch er a bank; bled.
See also:
ulcholt, v.r.s.shown; revealed.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chiikel, v.a.s.(leaves) are to be plucked or stripped off plant.
See also:
kmudel, v.a.s.(hair) is to be cut; (shrubs, etc.) are to be trimmed; (string, etc.) is to be cut.
kmudel a kirel el mekimd; chiuk a kmudel; buuch a mla tuobed a bngal me ng kmudel; kirel el mekimd, kemdel.
See also:
ochisall, v.a.s.is to be chased away.
See also:
ochisall, v.a.s.is to be emptied.
ochisall a kirel el mochis; diak el ochisall a ollumel, di kirel el ngar ngii a ilumel; ochisir a klengoes.
See also:
redekekill, v.a.s.(distance) is to be jumped.
See also:
sechedekill, v.a.s.is to be tied or bound.
sechedekill a kirel mesechedekl; melibuk, sichedeklii a okul a ert; sichedekl a ouak, sechedeklel.
See also:
udidall, v.a.s.is to be bridged.
udidall a kirel el mudid; loia did er ngii; omdid er a toachelmid; mdidar, omoachel a udidal a delebechel er a didall.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.
riklbold/violent behavior.meriklbold; violent; restless.
rekungland crab.bekerekungsmell of crabs (after cooking or eating crabs, etc.).
kekeuathlete's foot; tinea.kekeuhaving athlete's foot.
riamelfootball fruit (Pangi; Payan).bekeriamelsmell like football fruit; sweaty; have a strong body odor (especially, as result of diet or poor hygiene).
chetaubrief rain squall.chetaubrief rain squall.
rasechblood.rasechbloody.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
melemalt a rengulfair; just; understanding; good-hearted.
smecher a rengulhomesick.
betik a rengulhaving a deep feeling or affection for; love.
selorech a rengulcondescending.
mengerar er a rengul criticise; insult; put down; make someone feel ashamed; hurt someone's feelings.
urrechomel a rengulindecisive.
Rengulbaititle of chiefs in Imeliik.

WARN mysqli_query error
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','3.239.236.140','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')