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Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

berriid, v.r.s.scattered; spread; sown; dismantled.
berriid a diak le chelludel; mriid, rechad a berrid.
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chelisngull, v.r.s.(face) frowning; vexed; offended.
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deleb, v.r.s.interrupted; killed.
deleb a mla medeb, mo diak lolemolem, ngalek a deleb a medal ng dimlak el lemelemii a cheliuaiu.
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delebekekl, v.r.s.(house) having had roof or overhang lengthened.
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rrenguus, v.r.s.(hair) pomaded.
rrenguus a chelilt er a cheluch; mla merenguus; rrenguus a bdelul, rungsii, runguus, rengsel.
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telooch, v.r.s.(baby, animal) fed with pre-chewed food.
telooch a rringet el kall; ngalek a menga telooch; tmochii, tmooch; tochel a ngalek.
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ullaol, v.r.s.(house) has had floor put on.
ullaol a mla mulaol; ngar ngii a ulolel, mla mlolii, ulolel.
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Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

besebesechall, v.a.s.is to be continually contradicted/opposed.
besebesechall a kirel el obosech; mesechii, torebengii, omesebosech er ngii.
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chertechetall, v.a.s.(pandanus leaf) is to have spines cut off; is to be hemmed.
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chesechaol, v.a.s.are to be threaded/strung; always wandering from house to house.
chesechaol a chad el soal el mengesuch; merael a blai, di omais el diak el ultebechel.
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debochel, v.a.s.is to be invented, introduced or composed.
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lechotel, v.a.s.is to be tied or wrapped.
lechotel a lechetall.
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otekengall, v.a.s.is to be opposed or gone against.
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ungkill, v.a.s.is to be named.
ungkill a kirel el mungakl; mngeklii, loia a ngklel; omngakl er ngii; tolechoi a ungkill.
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State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
bengtpurple colored sweet potato.bengtpurple.
iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.iluodel(people) sitting, standing or arranged in a circle; (stone platform) built circular.
bodechcurved configuration/shape of boat.bodechesausstanding erect/in ramrod fashion; standing with expanded chest.
temamuuimaginary ghost with ugly face.temamuubald-headed.
ngerachelduty; responsibility.bekengerachelresponsible; always attentive to one's duties or obligations.
bodechcurved configuration/shape of boat.obodechcurved; (person) having back curved towards rear.
besokelringworm.besokelinfected with ringworm.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
kedeb a rengulshort tempered; impatient.
mesbeda a rengul(person) come to realize or accept (fact, etc.).
bechelechelingaol a rengulselfish; greedy; stingy; self-centered.
ouuchel er a rengulregret.
meringel a rengulfeel bad about (something wasted); (something wasted) arouse sympathy; (something valuable) wasted.
omtechei a rengulget back at; do to someone as he does to you.
meduch a rengulhard-working; conscientious; strong-willed; persevering.

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