Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

deleb, v.r.s.interrupted; killed.
deleb a mla medeb, mo diak lolemolem, ngalek a deleb a medal ng dimlak el lemelemii a cheliuaiu.
See also:
delibuk, v.r.s.tied into knot.
delibuk a mla medibuk; omech a eru el klalo; melibuk a odak a erung e doibuk el mo tang el blech, delibkolel.
See also:
selubech, v.r.s.broken open.
selubech a mla mesubech; mla mengai; brak a selubech, subechii, suubech, sbechel.
See also:
telechui, v.r.s.(anus) wiped.
telechui a seluld; mla metechui a btil a ngalek, tuchui, melechui, techiul.
See also:
uldekedek, v.r.s.chased; run after; caught up with; fought.
uldekedek a mla modekedek; ulsarech, oserechii; ngmasech er ngii; uldekedek e oubekeu er ngii.
See also:
uldiderekl, v.r.s.loaded into (boat, etc.).
uldiderekl a mla modiderekl; mla mongasech er a bilas; klalo a ulengasech; ultak er a mlai.
See also:
ulengemai, v.r.s.carried; transported.
ulengemai a ulengakd; mla mongemai; olengakd a klalo; betok el omerael; olengemai; ongemil a klalo.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

desbiil, v.a.s.is to be spat out or at.
desbiil a kirel el medesbai; metub; ringetii e tubar; dusbai, melsbai, "lak mekreos e a chemachel a desbiil", desbil.
See also:
kiuall, v.a.s.is to be picked with pole; is to be attracted/seduced.
kiuall a kirel el mekaiu; koiuii a iedel, kmaiu a meradel; melai er a bab el oba kaiu.
See also:
oskeskall, v.a.s.is to be pushed vigorously.
oskeskall a kirel el moskosk; kirel elmodubech; oskeskii a cheltelaol el otebedii, cheltelaol a oskeskall; oskeskel.
See also:
otelechekill, v.a.s.is to be accused/suspected.
otelechekill a kirel el motelechakl; chad a di ngii el omekedong a otelechakl; otelecheklii e le ng mlo tmuu er a diak el blil; otelecheklel.
See also:
sedelall, v.a.s.is to be torn or dismembered.
See also:
semesall, v.a.s.is to be stuck or pricked.
See also:
tngekill, v.a.s.is to be appeased or consoled
tngekill a kirel el metngakl; kirel el mengunguuch; tingeklii a rengul a meltord; locha tngakireng; tngeklel.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
cheballwhite-leafed taro (yautia); gray/white hair.cheballgray-haired; white-haired.
mechasold woman; titled woman; foreign woman; male's father's sisters; girlfriend; wife.mechashaving the qualities of an old woman.
chuisworm; maggot.bederechuis(starchy food) spoiled (by water); decomposing or moldy.
rasechblood.rasechbloody.
iluodelstones, coconut shells, or similar objects used as support for cooking pot during serving.iluodel(people) sitting, standing or arranged in a circle; (stone platform) built circular.
uidfruit that has fallen off the tree on its own.udall(fishnet) is to be pulled in.
chellingsclearness; transparency; purity; pristine condition.mechellings(liquid, glass, etc.) clear or transparent.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
chelemekl a rengul(person) holding a grudge; (person) strong, stubborn, persistent, determined.
ngmasech a rengulget angry.
mesisiich a rengulstrong-willed; motivated; determined; hard-working.
seselkang a rengulbecoming bored or impatient.
ungil a rengulhappy; glad; kind.
ulserechakl a rengulcalm; unexcitable.
mengas er a rengulastonished; surprised.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.198.245.233','CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')