Quick links:

Palauan Adjectives

The following is a brief discussion about Palauan adjectives. For a longer exploration, please refer to discussions of state verbs in the Joseph Handbooks. According to the official Lewis Joseph grammar book of Palauan, there are no Palauan parts of speech called adjectives. However, Palauan does, of course, have words used to describe other words. In English, we call these words adjectives. Examples of English adjectives are dangerous, beautiful, and hot.

Palauan Resulting State Verbs

In Palauan, words corresponding to English adjectives are called state verbs. There are several types of Palauan state verbs. The most common are resulting state verbs which occur as a result of a verb. Some examples:

Here is a list of seven random Palauan verbs and their resulting state verbs:

chelsechosu, v.r.s.splinted.
chelsechosu a chelam; llechotel e uldak er a medecher me ng diak le medeu.
See also:
delechel, v.r.s.increased or raised in amount.
See also:
delul, v.r.s.broiled; roasted; sunburned.
delul a mla medul er a ngau.
See also:
kerriil, v.r.s.(person) reminded of debt, etc.; (loan, etc.) recalled.
See also:
ngelsakl, v.r.s.divided; separated; (wood) removed from fire; moved out of the way.
ngelsakl a chacheroid; diak lulturek; idungel a ngelsakl me a ngau a ulekoad; ngoseklii, ngosakl, ngeseklel.
See also:
selam, v.r.s.thrust at.
selam a mla mesam; somur, selam a chimal el omekdakd; omekiam.
See also:
uleld, v.r.s.(coconut candy) made.
See also:

 

Palauan Anticipating State Verbs

Anticipating state verbs in Palauan are like resulting state verbs. However, instead of describing the state of something after a verb has modified it, these describe the state of something before a verb is anticipated to modify it. Here's seven random Anticipating State Verbs:

chesobel, v.a.s.(taro tubers) are to be cut.
chesobel a kirel el mecheseb; cheklii a tech er a dait, chosebii, chueseb a dait, chesebel.
See also:
chisemesemall, v.a.s.is to be embraced or hugged.
chisemesemall a kirel el mochull; mechisemesem, mechulii a ngalek, choisemesemii a ngelekel, megisemesem er a bechil, chisemesemel.
See also:
dechall, v.a.s.is to be dipped or dunked.
See also:
edongel, v.a.s.is to be coaxed into doing something; is to be flattered/whetted/sharpened; easily flattered.
edongel a chad el di beot el mo oumera a diak le mera el chetengakl; edengii, edengel.
See also:
ketmekill, v.a.s.is to be straightened up, arranged, cleaned or prepared.
See also:
kitall, v.a.s.is to be pressed with fingers and massaged; is to be pressed against surface with fingers; is to be softened.
kitall a kirel mekit; mengit er ngii; omet el mesisiich.
See also:
ochechall, v.a.s.is to be asked for persistently.
See also:

 

State Verbs with Related Nouns

In English, a common thing to do is to ask 'how XXXX is something,' where XXXX is an adjective. For example, 'how hot is that,' or 'how dangerous is that,' are common English expressions.

This is true in Palauan as well in a form like, 'ng uangarang a kleldelel,' which translates literally perhaps to something like, 'it is like what, its heat,' or figuratively as, 'how hot is it.' The word kleldelel is a possessed noun meaning 'its heat.' See the nouns page for a longer explanation of possessed nouns.

Many of these Palauan nouns have related state verbs which translate to, and are used as, English adjectives. Here is a list of seven random Palauan nouns along with their corresponding state verbs.

Palauan_NounEngish_NounPalauan_AdjEnglish_Adj
uidglue; resin; fuel for lamp.muduidsticky; adhesive.
cherouwhite mushroom; white scar.cherouwhite mushroom; white scar.
ngerachelduty; responsibility.bekengerachelresponsible; always attentive to one's duties or obligations.
semumtrochus.semum having deformed fingers or toes.
temamuuimaginary ghost with ugly face.temamuuimaginary ghost with ugly face.
chadliver.chedengaolsick with jaundice.
daktfear; awe.bedektallfearful; shy.

Reng Idioms as Adjectives

There are many Palauan expressions which use a state verb to describe the Palauan word reng which means spirit or heart. These are idioms which mean their literal and figurative meanings are not the same. Typically, but not always, the figurative meaning describes an emotion. An example is kesib a reng, which literally means a sweaty heart but figuratively it means to be angry. Here is a list of seven random examples of these reng idioms:

PalauanEnglish
dmolech a rengulwise; prudent; careful in planning ahead.
mengedidai er a rengul act stubbornly, scornfully or condescendingly.
seselk a rengulbored; impatient.
kesib a rengulangry.
mechas a rengulbe surprised at.
melemedem er a rengulcool down one's anger.
ralmetaoch a rengulinsensitive; not easily affected; easygoing; casual; prone to avoiding responsibility.

WARN Table 'belau.log_bots' doesn't exist
INSERT INTO log_bots (page,ip,agent,user,proxy) VALUES ('adjectives.php','54.160.19.155','CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)','','')